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Collections - MF 004 Aroostook County Oral History Project.

Number of Interviews: 119
Dates when interviews were conducted: 1971-1972
Finding Aides: Abstracts; subject and town index
Access Restrictions: none

Aroostook Oral History Project. 1971—1972. Project conducted under the auspices of the Cary Library in Houlton, Maine, which resulted in a collection of 119 cassettes, totaling 73 hours, with interviews of more than 150 people covering a wide range of topics, including early county history, early farming and machinery, the Aroostook War, railroading, lumbering, potato farming, maple sugar making, folksongs, folklore, folk medicine, politics, town meetings, cross-border migration, smuggling, Indians, sporting camps, schools and schooling, tall tales, superstitions, and many other aspects of the county’s cultural heritage. Tapes in French and Swedish have not been abstracted and have only brief descriptions of contents; a general index for the collection by subject and town is available in house.

1654 One cassette tape recorded by Charlotte Lenentine Melvin. Brief index. Topics include: introductory history of Aroostook County; general factors controlling historical development; process of settlement; international rivalry – U.S. and British Provinces; and boundary controversy. Effects of the Webster-Ashburton treaty on Aroostook County. C38 CD0218

2826 Interview of Solomon Saucier in Fort Kent conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include: a personal narrative of his life as a farmer, lumberman, and railroad worker; Ben Marquis’ lumber works; information about the Allagash, farming, barn building, lumbering, the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad, maple sugar making and whiskey making. C 39 CD0219

2827 Interview of Joseph St. Germain of Wallagrass conducted in French circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics covered include a personal narrative about his life lumbering and road building;  Great Northern Paper Co; grindstone roads; building the Wallagrass bridge; the origin of the name Wallagrass; and a discussion of how Patten became known as a lumber capital; information regarding pulpwood operations; Staceyville; a description of living quarters during log drives.  Note on cover states that it is a good source on all phases of lumbering in Aroostook and Penobscot counties. C40 CD0220

2828 Interview of Michel Fournier conducted in French in Edmunston, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics covered include: a personal narrative of farming, churning, the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad, the Canadian Pacific Railroad, lumbering, the U.S. post office, folk medicine, and superstitions. Interview of Mr. and Mrs. Dennis Cyr and Mrs. Michel Fournier conducted in French in Edmunston, Maine, circa 1971-72. Content includes discussions about education, farming, social life, homemaking, superstition, and Indians. C 41 CD0221-0222

2829 Interview of Orvila Saucier of Eagle Lake conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include: a personal narrative, information about farming, potato harvesting, flour mills, lumbering and the origin of new Canada; information about sheep herding and railroads. C 42  CD0223

2830 Interview of Charles Cote and Firman Daigle of Edmunston conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Contents include personal narratives of both men, maple syrup making, doctors and medicines they employed, farming, land clearing, information about the maple syrup process, farming, religion, and a song by Mrs. Charles Cote. C 43 CD0224

2831 Interview of Onezime Cyr of Fort Kent conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include log house construction, social life, a smoke house, salting meat, candle making, dyeing wool, home remedies, shoe making, schools, harvesting crops, and early prices on commodities. C 44 CD0225

2832 Interview of Eugene Beaulieu and Edgar St. Pierre of Fort Kent conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include schools, travel, lumberman’s wages, outdoor ovens, blacksmithing, farming, maple syrup operations, schooling, women’s activities, home brew, and New Year’s celebrations. C 45 CD0226-0227

2833 Interview of Theophile Freeman of Fort Kent conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include farming, cattle and sheep raising, the origin of Soldier Pont, taking the train there in 1912, the settlement of the area, the Irish potato famine, the first school at Wallagras Road, the first church at Wallagras in 1887, Father Demarch, amusement, home brew & whiskey making, maple syrup operation, Drs. Sirois and Page, the first airplane, & life c 1972. C 46 CD0228

2834 Interview of Fedime Morin of Madawaska conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include information about being a law enforcement officer, early law enforcement history, prohibition and early jails, anecdotes of his long career, and advances in equipment. C 47 CD0229

2835 Interview of Mrs. Dan Cyr of Madawaska conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include life as a housewife, birth, wedding and funeral customs, amusements and making maple syrup. C 48 CD0330

2836 Interview of Mr. and Mrs. Rene Guerette of Madawaska conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include farming, butchering, soap making, French foods, education and church life. Interview of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Cyr of Madawaska conducted in French. No transcript or index. C 49 CD0331 – CD0332

2837 Interview of Mrs.Leonie Albert of Madawaska conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include life in St. David’s Parish, and a personal narrative relating to education, amusements, religious customs, food, and household arts and crafts. C 50 CD0333

2838 Interview of Alice Hebert Daigle of Madawaska conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include schools in Madawaska by districts, teaching experiences, and the Acadian Cross at St. David. C 51 CD0334, CD0420

2839 Interview of Alice Hebert Daigle of Madawaska conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Contents include a dialogue between Alice Daigle and her sister Alma Hebert, information of all aspects of 38 years of teaching in Madawaska schools, curriculum, wages, education requirements. C 51 CD0420

2840 Interview of Raymond Daigle of Madawaska conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Tape cover lists contents, including information about St. Basile ferry, the first auto in Madawaska, Ferry boats, the Allagash, Fort Kent, Frenchville, Madawaska, St. David, Grand Isle, Van Buren, Flanger and its uses and a personal narrative. C 52 CD0421

2841 Interview of Tom Dufour of Madawaska conducted in French. Brief index. Topics include the history of the Dufour family, the origin of the name, Violette Brook, Acadian expulsion, Indian encounters, and the story of Fort Kent Trust Co., Madawaska Branch. C 53 CD0422

2842 Interview of Mrs. Xavier Dufour of Madawaska conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include the tannery in Van Buren for shoe making, schools and schooling, superstitions, childbirth at home and home remedies. C 54 CD0423

2843 Interview of Felix Dufour of Madawaska conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include amusements, fishing, church in St. David, a personal narrative, schools, maple syrup making, home remedies, and lumbering along the Allagash. C 54 CD0424

2844 Interview of Rose Lajoie of Van Buren conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include recollections of life on the farm, and a personal narrative. C 55 CD0425

2845 Interview of Antoine Lebel of Van Buren conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index.  Topics include personal background, lumbering, log drives, planting and harvesting wheat, potatoes, ferry boats, a shingle mill, a starch factory, and horse racing. C 56 CD0426

2846 Interviews of Isadore Dumont and Earnest Soucy of Van Buren conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include the Cyr plantation, settling of Madore Road, a personal narrative, including information about school life, amusements, home crafts, holiday celebrations, a personal narrative, information about a raspberry factory and stores in the area. C 57 CD0427-0428

2847 Interviews of Mrs. Euphemie Dubay, her sister Margarita of Van Buren, and Mr. and Mrs. William Paradis of Van Buren conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include a personal narrative, an Indian story, Margarita’s song about potato picking, discussion about 69 years of marriage, farming, automobiles, amusements, homemade toys, and shoe-making. C 58 CD0429-0430

2848 Interviews of Flora C.S. St. Pierre of Van Buren and Margaret Walsh of Van Buren conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include a personal narrative, early telephone service, farm life, a lumber camp, raising 21 children, all aspects of homemaking, cooking, knitting, a personal narrative about being the chief operator of New England Telephone Co. in 1911, World War I, the armistice message received and sent to Washington, and comments on Van Buren. C 59 CD0431-0432

2849 Interview of Euphemie Daigle Oulette of Van Buren conducted in French with some English, circa 1971-72. Topics include farming, schooling, household duties, sheep and wool processing, spinning and frolics. C 60 CD0433

2850 Interviews of Mrs. Remi Daigle of Van Buren and Isaac Harris of Van Buren conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include potato planting and harvesting, house furnishings, amusements, Christmas celebrations, a blacksmith shop, cleaning wool, description of Van Buren in 1910, the Hamlin Lumber mills, the St. John Lumber Co., the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad, the ferry crossing on St. John, automobiles, and the Keegan house. C 61 CD0434-0435

2851 Interview of Christian Albert of Van Buren conducted in French, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include a personal narrative about being a river pilot on the St. Lawrence, education of a doctor, the flu epidemic of 1918, information about Mrs. Michaud, Albert’s pharmacy, doctor’s fees and means of payments, and ice house operations. C 62 CD0436

2852 Interview of Henry Anderson of New Sweden conducted in Swedish, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include history of the colonization of New Sweden by 51 Swedes from Goteburh, Sweden in 1887, names of settlers and activities of the first two years, social life, and Christmas celebrations. C 63 CD0437

2853 Interviews of Annie Lindsten and Georgie Lindsten, of Westmanland, Elsie Soderberg of New Sweden, and Fritz Anderson of Stockholm, conducted in Swedish, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include personal narratives of childhood and youth in Stockholm/New Sweden area, Lebanon Days (now New Sweden), farming, farm life, education, social life and customs, church history, and Christmas tradition. C 64 CD0438-CD0439

2854 Interview of Henry Anderson of New Sweden, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include history of original settlers, recruitment of Swedes into region, original crops planted, development of town, anniversary celebrations discussion, town characters, fires in the community in the 1880-90s, schooling in the same period, introduction of different technologies into the area, mills, the B&A branch in the region, social activities, reasons for Swedes coming to Maine, and his descendants. C 65 CD0440

2855 Interview of Fritz and Lilly Anderson of Stockholm, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include history of the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad, lumbering activities and mills, California Settlement, history of mills, the Great Depression, schools and schooling, farming and farm machinery, social life, and ice cutting. C 66 CD0441 – CD0442

2856 Interview of Mrs. E. Anderson, Mrs. A. Fogelin, and Mrs. E. Soderberg of Stockholm, circa 1971-72. Brief index. These three daughters of early Swedish settlers discuss their family origins, early life in New Sweden and Stockholm, women’s work on farms, the Great Depression and its effects, bringing up families, social life, the community welfare organization, illnesses and remedies, recipes, and Christmas cooking. C 67 CD0443

2857 Interview of Mr. and Mrs. George Nelson of Stockholm, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include stories of family origins, the Stockholm Lumber Company, the effects of World War I on the region, the flu epidemic, raising a family in the period, Stockholm in 1919 – prosperity, fires and firefighting, and the first automobiles in the area. C 68 CD0444

2858 Interview of Axel Tall of Stockholm, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Tall discusses his family’s background, schooling, East Jemptland, teaching in Stockholm and Caribou, changes in the educational system over time, his father’s employment, mills, log hauling, farming, and a comparison of the welfare state between its inception and the 1970s. C 69 CD0445

2859 Interviews of Gussie Beaulier of Ashland and Lyle Gardner of Ashland, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include stories of log cutting and log drives, wood operations, mechanics of the drive, work day on the drive, big Sheridan mills, towns of Stetson and Blanchard, tales from the log drives (extensive lumbering vocabulary used), stories, poems, and songs from the late 1800s, early 1900s – no original or local material. C 70 CD0446 – CD0447

2860 Interview of Katherine Coffin of Ashland, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Coffin discusses her early life, a Ricker classical instrument, musical training, lumbering business, the first cars in the region, dentists, drugstores, and social life. C 71 CD0448 – CD0449

2861 Interviews of Climena Sylvester of Ashland and Benton Craig of Ashland, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Topics include a history of Ashland and of Grange Number 247; history of the local potato house and potato shipping, early memories of hand operations before electricity, the first potato and reefer cars, gradual technological improvements, the process of shipping to Searsport and Boston, and recent developments in the town’s history. C 72 CD0450 – CD0451

2862 Interview of Lyle Gardner of Ashland, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Gardner talks about the history of the local cheese factory circa 1880, the location of Carter Brook, a description of the building, toting, a description of tasks, horses, tote wagons, and tote sleds, the Ashland lumber company, camp life, and sings a song. C 73 CD0452

2863 Interview of Joseph Theriault and Mr. Clukey of Ashland, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Theriault and Clukey discuss the history of the Sheridan Mills settlement, the establishment of the mill community of Sheridan, bootlegging, wages at the mill, shipping lumber, the livery stable, railroad-tie making, building up the Ashland branch of the Bangor and Aroostook railroad, Russians and Polish laborers, Walter Brenan – a woodsman at Oxbow Flats, guiding, and a blacksmith shop. C 74 CD0453

2864 Interviews of Ora Daggett of Portage and Georgie Orcutt of Ashland, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Daggett discusses the Lombard Steam Log hauler including a general description of its use, anecdotes, and lumbering. Orcutt talks about his experiences as a telephone operator, working for the Independent Telephone Company in 1906 and the Aroostook Telephone Company. C 75 CD0454 – CD0455

2865 Tape contains a series of barn dance, square dance, and popular music songs from the 1920s onward, performed by Mac Beaulier, guitar; Leo Michaud, banjo; and Dana Rafford, fiddle, circa 1971-72. C 76 CD0456

2866 Interviews of Delta Ellis and Climena Sylvester of Ashland, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Ellis discusses the history of Ashland and the Advent Christian church. Sylvester talks about the history of Union and Congregational church. C 77 CD0457 – CD0458

2867 Interview of Reverand George Plante of Ashland, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Plante discusses Catholic churches in the Ashland area; missions in Ashland, Sheridan, and Portage; the first parish attempt in 1889 and second attempt in 1900; the parish founded in Sheridan in 1902; the church at Frenchville; difficulties in the 1930s; and developments in the community between the 1960s and 1970s. C 78 CD0459

2868 Interview with Elizabeth M. Rafford of Ashland, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Rafford talks about early Ashland schools, the Wrightville school in Sheridan and its subsequent certification; a description of a one room classroom; the Doak School on Maridis Road between 1917-1919; social gatherings in Wrightville; the Doak school districts; and the economic hardships of the region. C 79 CD0460

2869 Interviews with George C. Sawyer of Ashland, Maine and Frank W. Howes, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Sawyer discusses the Hayden murder and the lynching of Jim Cullin in Mapleton.Howes, a team driver in Oxbow, talks about early farms and farm sites on the road between Oxbow and Knowles Corner; the California Road of 1849; and the story of the name and history of the road. C 80 CD0461

2870 Interviews with George Young and Fred Coffin of Ashland, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Young discusses recollections of his youth, the grist mill, early telephone services in Ashland, a visit from woodsmen, early churches, early roads and conditions, and early lumbering companies and conditions. Coffin talks about the history of the Ashland Library, building the railroad, lumber and work trains, passenger service at Fort Kent, and station agents. C 81  CD0461 – CD0462

2871 Interview with Ira McNally of Ashland, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. McNally talks about guiding: cooking in wood camps, guiding on Machias Lake in 1912, a typical day, including license costs and guiding fees, cooking in wood camps and on drives, the Ashland Mill Company circa 1916, menus, animals, and cook and cookee chores. C 82 CD0464

2872 Interview with Ira McNally of Ashland, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. McNally discusses the old Ashland Livery stables, a general description of stables and activities, the Ashland blacksmith shop and blacksmithing, the Ashland race track, sulkey racing, racing on the ice, hog butchering and whiskey making. C 83 CD0465

2873 Interview with Mr. and Mrs. Alonzo Keaton of Caribou, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. The Keatons discuss life in a lumber camp, the ferry across the St. John River, the establishment of a customs office, lumbering, Christmas in the woods, log drives, an alcohol plant in Caribou, hunting, and the Realty mill. C 84 CD0466

2874 A tape-recorded collection of French customs and folklore of Caribou Maine, including French folksongs, frolics, seasonal customs, superstitions, religious observations, and legends based on historical fact. Collected by Susan Collins as a school assignment. C 85 CD0467

2875 Interviews of W.F. and Ruth Howard of Fort Fairfield, Maine and Earl Dow of Fort Fairfield, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. The Howards talk about early railroads, the Bangor and Aroostook line, the early railroad and telegraph services, and duties of the station master.Dow discusses his father’s experiences as a fireman, and his own experiences as a freight handler, a clerk and an auditor. C 86 CD0468 – CD0469

2876 Interview of Mrs. Olive Stevens Johnston of Fort Fairfield, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Johnston discusses the Stevensville settlement in Fort Fairfield, family mills, housing, electricity, and water systems. C 87 CD0470

2877 Interview of Edward Johnston of Easton and Fort Fairfield, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Johnston discusses the history of potato farming and potato handling industry, the background and development of the growing and handling of potatoes in potato houses, the introduction of farm machinery, different varieties of potatoes, early potato handling techniques, the effects of railroads on farming, and modern improvements to the region. C 88 CD0471

2878 Interview of Rommy Haines of Fort Fairfield, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Haines talks about reading from the diary of James Thurlough, the early county commissioner, the Aroostook Vally Starch company, Danes in Fort Fairfield, agriculture, sawmills, the Plymouth grant and early settlers, early schools, communicable diseases, poverty, covered bridges, and a school fire. C 89 CD0472

2879 Interviews of Lewis Ayoob and Lester Parker of Fort Fairfield, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Ayoob discusses Syrians in the Fort Fairfield town band, the arrival of Syrians in the region, itinerant peddlers, foods, and funeral customs. Parker talks about his history with the town band, a general history of the town band, dance playing and locations and different occasions, and the location of the old band stand. C 90 CD0473 – CD0474

2880 Recording of folklore poems of Fort Fairfield, Maine and interview of Rommy L. Haines of Fort Fairfield, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Tape includes the “Maiden’s Sacrifice” by Dr. James Hanay – of Malecite folklore, and “Riverside Cemetery,” a poem by Chandler Cushman Harvey, owner and editor of the Fort Fairfield Review (1902-1940), and “Kingdom of Pines,” a poem by George F. Ashby. Haines discusses the Maple Grove settlement, a history of the Haines family, the first school and first church, Quakers in the region, the Bangor-Aroostook Railroad, and the potato industry. C 91 CD0475 – CD0476

2881 Interview of Rose Trask Johnston and Pearl Trask Robinson of Fort Fairfield, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Johnston and Robinson discuss farm life and personal reminiscences. C 92  CD0477

2882 Interviews of Hazel H. Cushman and Mary Towle Kimball of Fort Fairfield, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Cushman discusses the history of J. Wingate Haines and the Quaker Maple Grove clay, a Civil War letter from Daniel Haines to his brother Fred, a story of Fred’s invention of the first horse-drawn cultivator, marketing potatoes, a letter from the Lewiston Weekly dated Sept. 5, 1906 by the Agricultural editor, and a portrait of six prosperous farms. Kimball talks about Mary Estes Towles’ genealogy, letters by Mary Estes Towles to her grandmother dated in 1888, and her aunt Mrs. Elmira Tibbetts from 1889, and excerpts from a cookbook compiled in 1888, which included recipes and household hints. C 93 CD0478 – CD0479

2883 Interviews of Zella Carson Cogswell, Ike Carson, and Marion French of Fort Fairfield and of James Bernard of Fort Fairfield, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Cogswell, Carson, and French discuss the Carson family background, Wellington House – the first frame house, shops and buildings in the early 1920s, circus days, Marion’s story about the Aroostook War with biographical details of Warren Johnson, a reading of a draft call of Feb. 28, 1839, and local sketches from Presque Isle – the Loyal Sunrise – June 7, 1865. Bernard talks about a history of Aroostook county from Stewart Holbrook on the B & A, the forest boundary controversy, and the results of the Aroostook war. C 94 CD0480 – CD0481

2884 Interview of Carl Rasmussen of Fort Fairfield, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Rasmussen talks about his early life in New Denmark, New Brunswick, potato growing in Aroostook circa 1904, wages in the period, working at a smokehouse and grainery, storage, pressing, and the sale of hay, barn raising, and the potato industry between 1905 and 1910. C 95 CD 0482

2885 Interview of Belone Pelletier of Fort Kent, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Pelletier discusses his childhood experiences, working as a cookee in a lumber camp, cookee stories, the logistics of log transportation, how to make coal, drives around Fort Kent, how goods were transported into the woods, the ethnic makeup of crews, logging stories, stories relating to his marriage, discussion of different lumber companies, and the town layout. C 96 CD0483

2886 Interview of Belone Pelletier of Fort Kent, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Pelletier talks about a grist mill, music at lumber camps, early stories in the region, introduction of cars in Fort Kent, the use of animals for lumbering camps, experiences on the drive as a cookee, and this history of lumbering corporations in relation to St. John. C 97 CD0484

2887 Interview of Tom Pelletier of Allagash, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Pelletier discusses lumbering and boating on the Allagash, the origin of Dickey, a description of a steam log hauler, the origin of the name Allagash, the origin of the Allagash Pelletier family, the origin of Knicker brook, the ferry on the Allagash in the summers, Governor Sewell, schools in the area, a general narrative on householding, a description of a bateau, and J.T. Michaud of the Michaud farm. C 98 CD0485

2888 Interviews of Tom Pelletier of Allagash and Aaron and Rosie Jackson of St. Francis, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Pelletier discusses Native Americans and their artifacts, the end of lumbering and the Temiscouata railroad, Indian burial grounds, and the ice dam and a 13 day flood. The Jacksons talk about the Allagash cave, Grand Falls, Horse race rapids. Interview also contains a bear story told by Mrs. Jackson, and a song by Mrs. Jackson learned 75 years beforehand. C 99 CD0486 – CD0487

2889 Interview of Aaron and Rosie Jackson of St. Francis, circa 1971-72. Brief index. The Jacksons discuss log drives, life in the lumbering camps, the Corporation, Ed Pond, the inventor of booms, and Big Rapids. C 100 CD0488

2890 Interview of Aaron and Rosie Jackson of St. Francis, circa 1971-72. Brief index. The Jacksons discuss rivermen and guides, the flood of 1893 and its effects on the area, weather comparisons, education, and canoe making. Also songs by Aaron and Rosie. C 101 CD0489 – CD0490

2891 Interview of Jim Connors of St. Francis and Allagash, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Connors discusses a guided tour up the Allagash river, the St. Francis and St. John Rivers as boundary rivers, tales of Old Tom Gardner, a famous guide, Connors, New Brunswick, the Temiscouata railroad, reminiscences of daily life in earlier years, food, remedies, knitting, and other daily chores and habits. C 102 CD0491

2892 Interview of Jim Connors of St. Francis and Allagash, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Connors talks about hunting and fishing along the St. John River Valley, a poetry reading of “The Bells of St. Michele” by Drummond and “Spring Riches”by Catherine Shelley, growing up in Allagash and St. Francis, family background, pine lumbering and logging days, and present-day logging practices. C 103 CD0492

2893 Interview of John Lewis Page of Fort Kent, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Page talks about an old footbridge, personal material, the first doctor in Fort Kent (Dr. Sirois), the family-owned footbridge across the St. John River, activities concerned with the bridge, smuggling and the custom official, and an animal cemetery. C 104 CD0493

2894 Interview of Edith Kelly of Allagash, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Kelly discusses well digging in the Allagash, the quality of clay produced from drilling for pottery, and how the discovery of the clay led to a career in making and selling pottery – Alla Ware Pottery. C 105  CD0494

2895 Interview of Sophie Pinette Brown of Fort Kent, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Brown talks about teaching at age 13 in 1886 in the back settlements of Fort Kent and Eagle Lake, the difficulties of teaching French-Canadian children with English textbooks, and her brother-in-law John’s career as an early surveyor of Fort Kent. C 106 CD0495

2896 Interview of Eva McBriety of Allagash, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Tape includes discussion of women’s work, housewifery, social events, and winters cooking at lumber camps.  C 107 CD0496

2897 Interview of Patricia Desjardin of Fort Kent, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Desjardin discusses the Fort Kent Mill Company – its organization and purposes, Niles and Tom S. Pinkham, owners circa 1919, logging and log drives, flour mills, river rights and the Pinkham businesses. C 108 CD0497

2898 Interview of Fred Putnam of Houlton, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Putnam talks about farm equipment from 1897, the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad, the Birdseye-Snyder Pea operation of the 1950s, lumber mills, transportation in the early 1900s, more information about the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad, transporting potatoes to Houlton, agricultural fairs, winter recreation, farm life in 1900, barn raising, and Louis Sockalexis, for whom the Cleveland Indians were named. C 109 CD0498

2899 Interview of Fred Putnam of Houlton, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Putnam talks about farm equipment, the Houlton race tracks fair associations, the Houlton Agriculture Society circa 1898), the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad, the Houlton Foundry, horse dealers, horse trading, the first car in the region and reaction from the horses to it, medical service, electricity, Albert A. Burleigh and the B&A, the Unitarian church history, the Ricker Classical Institute, and town meetings. C 110 CD0499

2900 Interview of Mrs. Stella Oliver of Houlton, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Oliver discusses her family background, living and cooking in a lumber camp, personal experiences with horses, a comparison of life in earlier years versus the 1970s, horse contests, state children, and senior citizens. C 111 CD0500

2901 Interview of Asael Logan of Houlton, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Logan talks about his family background, river drives along the East Branch and the Penobscot, woods equipment, lumbering procedures, log riding, an Indian story about Johnny Daylight, Martin Emerson of Island Falls, a Hulling Machine along the East Branch, wages, step dancing, a poem by Fred Logan entitled “The Penobscot Lumber woods,” and George Knox stories. C 112 CD0501

2902 Recording of Asael Logan playing fiddle; Don McAtee on guitar; and Eric Richards of Houlton, circa 1971-72. Tape includes typical square and country music with comments on well known fiddlers in the area: Claire Lake and Clifford Lockhart; callers Ambrose O’Donnell and Lawrence Carmichael of Monticello – a fiddle maker; the songs: “Wreck at Altoona” and “Haste to the Wedding,” and a comparison with southern style fiddling. C 113 CD0502

2903 Interview of William Cumming of Houlton, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Cumming discusses his work as a weather observer since 1915; and official observer for the area since 1935; weather records; peculiarities in the Houlton area related to the weather; and the use of charts in lawsuits, road building, and such. C 114 CD0503

2904 Interview of William Cumming of Houlton, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Cumming talks about his career as a druggist starting as an apprentice in 1910 – his duties & wages; the standardization of drugs; the “tough end” between 1910-1920; patent medicines, home medicines, doctors’ attitudes; store prescriptions; narcotics, aspirin; the quack Montana Harry, horse medicines, the names of doctors and dentists between 1910-1940; Put Bennett & Linneus; and rat control. C115 CD0504

2905 Interview of William Cumming, George Cumming, and William Jordan of Houlton, circa 1971-72. Brief index. The three men discuss a trip to Mount Katahdin – reasons for the trip, the Togue pond camps; the Depot camp along Sandy Stream; the Basin Pond Camp; Chimney Pond; Governor Brewster’s registration book; meeting an Appalachian mountain club member from Boston, the South Peak, the Knife Edge, Ponoma Peak, the Dudley Trail, other climbs, and black flies and fly dope. C116 CD0505

2906 Interview of Bruce Campbell of Houlton, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Campbell traces the route of the Great Houlton fire of 1902 and identifies residences and businesses lost. C117  CD0506

2907 Interview of the Lydia Trask Putnam Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution in Houlton, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Tape includes information of the genealogical backgrounds of the members of a DAR chapter in a small New England town. C 118 CD0507

2908 Interview of Albin V. Larson of Houlton, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Larson discusses his Swedish family background, industries in Stockholm, mill work hours and responsibilities, Atlas Plywood in Stockholm, Greenville, and Houlton, Atlas and Huber of Patten, and Larson’s Plywood Barrels. C 119 CD0508

2909 Interview of Dr. Lore A. Rogers of Patten, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Rogers discusses his early recollections from childhood to college, medical facilities, women’s work, recreation, early lumbering and lumbering procedures, the beginnings of lumberman’s museum, and a description of area characters and tales. C 120 CD0509

2910 Interview of Mrs. Louise McLeod of Limestone, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Tape includes readings from an autograph book that came from Sibley, Iowa, to Limestone between 1880 and 1883. C 121 CD0510

2911 Interview of Mr. Elden Tapley of Madawaska, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Tapley discusses the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad, the international bridge, a story of Robert Connors, railroads, the first automobile, and World War I. C 122 CD0511

2912 Tape of Madawaska Centennial of 1969 – Pageant with lyrics and music. The tape was narrated by Alvey Dubois and Geraldine Chasse, and contains information about the Maliseets (Malecites), Acadians, the Aroostook War, Mt. Carmel Chapel, the first town meeting, the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad, education, and the finale and credits. C 123 CD0512

2913 Interview of Bernadette Mayhew of Madawaska, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Mayhew discusses transportation – specifically crossing the river in a basket, social customs, the convent in St. Agatha, smuggling, the daughters of Isabella, a church history, automobiles, and hotels in the area. C 124 CD0513

2914 Interview of Ernest Chasse of Madawaska, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Chasses discusses the background of the Chasse family (Acadian), farming equipment and methods, both old and new, roads, St. David’s Parish, the Madawaska Historical Society, and loading and inspecting potatoes. C 125 CD0514

2915 Interview of Mrs. Geraldine Chasse of Madawaska, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Chasse reads of articles of the Madawaska Historical Society, and discusses the events leading to the Aroostook War, Donald Fraser of the Fraser Paper Company, Peter Keegan, Patrick Theriault, French missionaries, and the Mt. Carmel church. C 126 CD0515

2916 Interview of Mrs. Geraldine Chasse of Madawaska, Maine, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Chasse reads articles from the Madawaska Historical Society, and discusses the USS Madawaska, fiddleheads, holiday customs, carding wool, Albert Bakery, recreation, the St. Agatha Parish, the First Church bell, the International Bridge, and the Maliseet Legend of Melobiannah. C 127 CD0516

2917 Interview of Mrs. Frances Levasseur of Madawaska, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Levasseur talks about the founders of Madawaska, the First Acadian convention in 1910, the wooden cross in St. David’s, Native Americans and bark canoes, household arts, customs and religion, the great famine of 1797, and household affairs. C 128 CD0517

2918 Interview of Franklin S. Cunningham of Presque Isle, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Cunningham talks about his lifetime in education, his personal background, early teaching in Mapleton, teaching in Presque Isle, normal schools, country schools, the development of Presque Isle into a city, the town band and concerts, traveling shows, and the rewards of a long career. C 129 CD0518

2919 Interview of Murray Murphy of Presque Isle, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Murphy discusses work as a woodsman, his life activities, early contact with the woods, arrowheads and pottery, building of railroads, recreational camps, Native American remains, the “Tragedy of the St. John River,” a poem on a Mohawk attack, forestry service, great fires, early fire-fighting equipment, and his father’s farm in Ashland. C 130 CD0519

2920 Interview of Augusta Christie of Presque Isle, a Maine State Legislator, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Christie discusses her experiences as a teacher, a farmer’s wife, and a legislator, her family background in Ashland, school days in a one-room schoolhouse, her business career, early political activities, Depression years, World War II years, and comments on her legislative career. C 131 CD0520

2921 Interview of Dorothy Dingwall of Presque Isle, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Dingwall talks about the Army Base in Presque Isle during World War II – the reasons for the base, kinds of planes, the role of the base on the Atlantic run to Europe, the Arctic Rescue team, hospitals for the wounded, prisoners of war, visiting V.I.P.s, a comparison with Vietnam anti-war attitudes, and the building of the Limestone base. C 132 CD0521

2922 Interview of Mrs. Avis Dudley of Mapleton, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Dudley talks about life in Castle Hill and Mapleton, early school days, the David Dudley store, the Cullin Murder and lynching, early Mapleton memories, horses, a visit to a lumber camp, life as a farmer between 1918 to the 1960s, Depression years, the Dudley Homestead restaurant, and the Northern Maine fair in the 1920s. C 133 CD0522

2923 Interview of Harold Glidden of Presque Isle, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Glidden discusses the story of WABM (radio) and WAGM (television) from the beginning in 1931 in Mars Hill up through 1972. Includes radio stations in Mars Hill, Houlton, and Presque Isle. C 134 CD0523

2924 Interview of Charles Watson of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Watson tells a story about the Civil War in Calais, and discusses bottling works, his brother’s grocery store, stores on Main Street, and an earthquake in October 1924. C 135 CD0524

2925 Interview of Ernest Soucy of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Soucy talks about his life as a storekeeper, the establishment of a department store in 1941, general description of all areas of store-keeping, La Croix mill, chapel eddy siding, modernizations in store-keeping, sports in Van Buren, ice racing, the tannery, farming and a raspberry factory. C 136 CD525

2926 Interview of Everett Dionne of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Dionne discusses shingle making, Cutler’s mills, ferries and crossings, the Violettes’ camps, the Van Buren circuit, and French Spite Songs by Michael Thibodeau. C 137 CD0526

2927 Interview of Mathilda Derosier of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Derosier talks about life on the farm, a walking trip to Old Town, and information about a black plaque or the black plague. C 137 CD0527

2928 Interview of the Farrells and Michauds of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Tape includes information about Acadian and Irish families living along the St. John River, and a genealogy of the Farrell and Michaud families. C 138, side 1 CD528

2929 Interview of Elmer Violette of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Violette discusses the history of the Violette family from the Acadian settlement in 1785 to present, and the sawmill on Violette brook. C 138, side 2 CD0529

2930 Interview of Mr. and Mrs. Leo Poirier, Sr. of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. The Poiriers discuss a Van Buren town meeting from 1916 or 1917, Joe B. Herron, the Price brothers mill, the ferry slip locations on the St. John river, the international bridge at Fort Kent, and French songs sung by Mrs. Poirier. C 139 CD0530

2931 Interview of Marcella Belanger Violette of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Violette discusses the history of the St. John River valley and Acadians from approximately 1787 to 1911,the northeastern boundary controversy, the role of the church, education, and different types of French spoken in the area. C 140 CD0531

2932 Interview of Mrs. James Franck of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Mrs. Franck talks about life as a game warden’s wife, winter amusements, and traveling by the Bangor and Aroostook railroad. C 141, side 1 CD0532

2933 Interview of Mary Jane Michaud of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Michaud discusses schools and school teaching. C 141, side 2 CD0533

2934 Interview of Mildred Smith Gagnon of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Gagnon discusses biographical data on Peter Charles Keegan from the early 1900s, St. Mary’s College,Thomas Smith, the superintendent of schools, lumber mills, army service for 17.5 years, and her two terms in the state legislature. C 142 CD0534

2935 Interview of Gerald Gagnon of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Gagnon talks about the legend about Robert E. Lee, Powers Creek, the Gagnon genealogy, and tales told to him byhis grandfather. C 143, side 1 CD0535

2936 Interview of Henrietta Dionne of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Dionne discusses a housewife’s activities, Christmas, bridal shower and wedding traditions, gardening, soap and lard making, and schooling. C 143, side 2 CD0536

2937 Interview of Mrs. Frances Levasseur of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Levasseur talks about the Honorable John Rice Frank, the Van Buren school choir, French songs common to the valley, and a Madawaska territory song. C 144 CD0537

2938 Interview of Justina P. Marquis of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Marquis discusses the genealogies of the Marquis and Michaud families, the history of Van Buren, town officials, church affairs, and the Violette homestead. C 145 CD0538

2939 Interview of Sister Bertha Duperry of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Tape includes a history of the Keegan post office between 1907-1971 and Charles Keegan; a history of the Duperry family; the railroad from Bangor to St. John River, Europeans and North American Company controversy, Van Buren history quiz, a short report on potato houses by a sixth grader, an article from the Portland Sunday Telegram from November 6, 1955, a centenary of the Diocese of Portland, and St. Daigle’s parish. C 146 CD0539

2940 Interview of Martha Cyr of Van Buren, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Cyr discusses the Cyr genealogy, schooling at the Good Shepherd Convent in 1900, open air studies – astronomy, violin-making, maple sugar making, and spring tonic. C 147 CD0540

2941 Interview of Everett Cary of Washburn, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Cary discusses his memories of Washburn, education, fires, ferries, a bridge, farming, the Aroostook Valley Railroad, the Ku Klux Klan, and recreation. C 148 CD0541

2942 Interview of Blanche Price of Washburn, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Price talks about the Aroostook Valley Railroad, World Wars I and II, and mills in the area. C 149 CD0547

2943 Interview of Helen Haines and Arthur Plissey of Washburn, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Haines and Plissey discuss schooling in Washburn and in general in 1921, school transportation and early roads, school curriculum, sports, planting, the Veneer mill, and fires in Washburn in 1924-25. C 150 CD0548

2944 Interview of Alta and Earl Munson of Washburn, circa 1971-72. Brief index. The Munsons talk about Tommy Patterson, silent movies, fires, the ferry from Aroostook Valley Park to Washburn, and Crouseville. C 151 CD0549

2945 Interview of Myrtle Smith of Washburn, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Smith discusses the history of Washburn (highlights), the Washburn Library, newspapers, education, the Aroostook Valley Railroad, craftsmen, blacksmiths, and dressmakers, itinerant peddlers, religious services, and socials and recreation. C 152 CD0550

2946 Interview of Autice Jardine of Washburn, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Jardine talks about the Canadian Pacific Railroad which was built to compete with Bangor and Aroostook Railroad, and an excursion to Boston on Washington’s birthday on the B&A. C 153 CD0551

2947 Tape includes a reading by Myrtle Jardine of a term paper by Larry Wilcox on the history of Washburn. C 154 CD0552

2948 Interview of Axie Fox of Washburn, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Fox discusses the history of Wade, schools, and a Stanley steamer. C 155 CD0553

2949 Interview of Evelyn Flewelling of Crouseville, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Flewelling discusses the history of Crouseville, a log drive, the advent Christian church, and education. C 156, side 1 CD0554

2950 Interview of Carol Blackstone of Perham, circa 1971-72. Brief index. Blackstone discusses the history of Perham, the Baptist church, schools, railroads, mills, the maple sugar industry, and professional men, including politicians, doctors, and ministers. C 156, side 2 CD0555

3111 Interview of Mr. and Mrs. Dennis Cyr and Mrs. Michel Fournier conducted in French in Edmunston. Tape cover states content includes discussions about education, farming, social life, homemaking, superstition, and Indians. C41 Side 2


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