Hazing in View: College Students at Risk
Initial Findings from the National Study of Student Hazing
March 11, 2008
Elizabeth J. Allan, Ph.D., Associate Professor
Mary Madden, Ph.D., Associate Professor
College of Education and Human Development
Allan, E. & Madden, M.
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Ellsworth, C. (2004).
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Unpublished master's thesis, University of Maryland.
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season: The nature, culture, and prevention of athletic team hazing.
Unpublished master's thesis, University of Vermont.
Holmes, H. (1999). The
role of hazing in the sorority pledge process. Unpublished
doctoral dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo.
Hoover, N. & Pollard, N. (1999).
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teams. Alfred University and Reidman Insurance Co., Inc.
Hoover, N. & Pollard, N.
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Alfred University. Retrieved from:
Johnson, J. (2000). Sport
hazing experiences in the context of anti-hazing policies—the case of
two southern Ontario universities. Unpublished master's
thesis, University of Toronto.
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haze: Violence, sacrifice, and manhood in Black Greek-letter
fraternities. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
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perceived effectiveness of administrative intervention programs to
decrease fraternity hazing at independent and church-related colleges in
Ohio. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Toledo.
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N.C.A.A. Division I Women's Athletics: An Exploratory Analysis.
Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of New Mexico.
Nuwer, H. (2000). High school
hazing: When rites become wrongs. New York:Grolier
Nuwer, H. (1999). Wrongs of
passage: Fraternities, sororities, hazing and binge drinking.
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*The survey used in the NCAA/Alfred
study provided a foundation from which to construct the survey for this
investigation. Both Norm Pollard, one of the lead researchers for
that study, and Hank Nuwer, an advisor to that research were exceedingly
helpful in working with us to construct the list of hazing behaviors
provided in the survey.
**We would like to acknowledge Tim
Marchell, Travis Apgar, and TJ Sullivan's contribution to explaining the
hidden harm of hazing.
This investigation could not have been
possible without the support and involvement of many committed
individuals who gave of their time and expertise as well as professional
organizations and associations who supported the project financially.
In particular, the North American Interfraternal Foundation (NIF) played
a leadership role in building a broad-based coalition to support this
initiative. We would especially like to recognize members and past
members of the Executive Board of NIF for their assistance including:
David Coyne, Dick McKaig, Louise Kier Zirretta, Ken Tracey, Cindy
Stellhorn, Sid Dunn, and Terry Hogan.
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