Skip to main content Skip to main content
Programs Overview
Undergraduate Programs
Graduate Programs
Course Catalog
Outreach Initiatives
Research Clusters
Research Areas
Funding Opportunities
People Overview
Find a Mentor
Alumni Directory
Job Opportunities
Admissions Overview
Undergraduate Admissions
Graduate Admissions
Contact Us
Maps & Directions
Campus Tours

Ian Bricknell

If you need to locate a faculty member with knowledge about particular functions of SMS (e.g., graduate admissions), you can find them on the list of current faculty committees.

Ian Bricknell

Contact Information

Ian Bricknell


Download CV

179 Hitchner Hall
University of Maine 
Orono, ME  04469


Ph.D (Lancaster 1990), BSc (Zoology with Geology, 1st Class Hons, Reading 1986)



Dr Bricknell comes from North London, in the United Kingdom. Ian initially trained as a medical microbiologist working for the Public Health Laboratory Service, where he received extensive training in human immunology and parasitology. In 1983 he went up to university to read zoology and geology at the University of Reading, under the tutelage of the late Dr L.B. Halstead, graduating with first class honors from there in 1986. During this time he was elected president of the Zoological Society of Reading University and published the first of his 100+ research papers on the diseases of fossil elephants. From Reading University Dr Bricknell moved to Lancaster University to read for his Ph.D. Here he studied under Prof. W.T.W Potts researching the impact of acid rain on the biology of upland rivers gaining his Ph.D. in 1990. In 1991 he was awarded the Modern Geology Young Geologist of the Year Award for his work on wooly mammoths at the annual British Association for the Advancement of Science meeting.

In 1989 Dr Bricknell was offered the position of Higher Scientist at Fisheries Research Services (FRS) in Aberdeen in the fish immunology group with Dr A.E. Ellis as his mentor. Here he worked in the field of fish health developing fish vaccines and new and improved diagnostic methods for the detection of disease in wild and farmed fish. During his first three years at FRS he filed two patents on fish vaccination and improved diagnostic tests on behalf of the Secretary of State for Scotland. In 1993 Dr Bricknell was promoted to Senior Scientist and in 1999 to Principal Scientist, becoming head of the Immunodiagnostics Department. Ultimately serving on many national and international committees and councils. Including being elected to the Chair of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea’s Mariculture committee  (term of Office 2005-2008) and received the ICES presidential Service Award in 2008, he has also served on the Norwegian Research Council’s Aquatic Sciences Committee.

In 2007 Dr Bricknell accepted the post of Libra Professor of Aquaculture Biology at the University of Maine and in 2009 was appointed as the first Director of the Aquaculture Research Institute. Since arriving in the USA he has established a new aquatic animal disease research group. He has expanded his research interests to include lobster health and he is committed to helping the working waterfront in Maine to ensure a sustainable and dynamic aquaculture industry in Maine.

Ian lives in Hampden, Maine, with his wife Sue, an old greyhound called Jack, a much younger collie cross called Keira, three cats and a lot of books.



Research interests

Ian Bricknell  joined SMS from his position as Group Leader, Immunological Diagnostics in the Fisheries Research Service Laboratory, Aberdeen, Scotland. He works on the developmental immunity of larval fishes and with host-pathogen interactions. His interests include: the interaction of parasites with their host and the mechanisms they employ to avoid the host's defence mechanisms; immunological detection of fish diseases; the development of the immune system of larval fishes and the onset of immunocompetence; and, the mechanisms that larval fish use to contain or resist infection.


Patricia Noguera, Catherine Collins, David Bruno, Campbell Pert, Anna Turnbull, Alison McIntosh, Katherine Lester, Ian Bricknell, Stuart Wallace, &Paul Cook

Red vent syndrome in wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar in Scotland is associated Anisakis simplex sensu stricto (Nematoda: Anisakidae)

Dis Aquat Org Vol. 87 (3) 199–215

Gratacap, R.M.L., Thompson, K.D., Bricknell, I.R. & Adams, A. (2009)

Lipopolysaccharide extraction: a phenol alternative.

Journal of Fish Diseases, 32, 811-814.

Basti, D., Bricknell, I., Beane, D. & Bouchard, D. (2009)

Recovery from a near-lethal exposure to ultraviolet-C radiation in a scleractinian coral.

Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 101, 43-48.

Campbell C. Pert, A. Jennifer Mordue (Luntz), Robert J. Fryer, Bríd O'Shea, Ian R. Bricknell 2009

The settlement and survival of the salmon louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer, 1837), on atypical hosts

Aquaculture 288 321–324

McCarthy, U.M., Bron, J.E., Brown, L., Pourahmad, F., Bricknell, I.R., Thompson, K.D., Adams, A., Ellis, A.E., 2008.

Survival and replication of Piscirickettsia salmonis in rainbow trout head kidney macrophages.

Fish & Shellfish Immunology 25, 477-484.

McCarthy UM, Urquhart KL, Bricknell IR 2008

An improved in situ hybridization method for the detection of fish pathogens

Journal of Fish Diseases 31(9) 669-677

K. Urquhart, C. C. Pert, R. Kilburn, R. J. Fryer, and I. R. Bricknell 2008

Prevalence, abundance, and distribution of Lepeoptheirus salmonis (Krøyer, 1837) and Caligus elongatus (Nordmann, 1832) on wild sea trout Salmo trutta L.

Ices Journal of Marine Science, 65, 171-173.


B. O’Shea, A.J., Mordue (Luntz), R.J Fryer, & I.R. Bricknell 2006

Determination of the Surface Area of a Fish

J Fish Dis 29(7):437-40 


I.R. Bricknell, S. Dalesman, B. O’Shea, C.C. Pert, & J. Mordue 2006

The Effect of Environmental Salinity on Sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) Settlement Success

Dis Aquat Org. 71(3):201-12

McBeath, S. J., Ellis, L. M., Cook, P. F., Wilson, L., Urquhart, K. L. and Bricknell, I. R. 

Rapid development of polyclonal antisera against infectious salmon anaemia virus and its optimisation and application as a diagnostic tool.

J Fish Dis 29 (5), 293–300. 

The Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): A Peripatetic Host of Lepeophtheirus salmonis? 2006

C.C. Pert, K. Urquhart and I.R. Bricknell

Bull EAFP 26(4) 163-165

Bergljót Magnadottir, Bjarnheiðu K. Guðmundsdóttir, Sigrún Lange, Slavko Bambir, Agnar Steinarsson, Matthias Oddgeirsson, Tim Bowden, Ian Bricknell, Roy Dalmo & Sigríður Guðmundsdóttir 2006

Immunostimulation of cod (Gadus morhua L.) larvae and juveniles

J Fish Dis 29 147-155


James Bron, Campbell Pert, Christina Sommerville, Hege Helleberg & Ian Bricknell 2006

Diseases of gadoid fish (an update)

Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists 26(1) 43-46

I.R. Bricknell, J.E. Bron & T.J. Bowden 2005 

Diseases of Gadoid Fish in Cultivation: A Review

ICES Journal of Marine Science 63 253-266 

Sigrun Lange, Slavko H. Bambir, Alister W. Dodds, Tim Bowden, Ian Bricknell, Sigrun Espelid, Bergljót Magnadóttir 2005

Complement component C3 transcription in Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) larvae.

Fish & Shellfish Immunology 20 (3) 285-94.

Ian Bricknell & Roy A. Dalmo 2005

The use of immunostimulants in fish larval aquaculture

Fish & Shellfish Immunology 19 (5) 457-472


Bowden, T.J., Butler R. and Bricknell I.R. 2004 

Seasonal variation of serum lysozyme levels in Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.)

Fish and Shellfish Immunology Fish & Shellfish Immunology 17(2): 129-135.

David W. Verner - Jeffreys, Robin J. Shields, Ian R. Bricknell and T. Harry Birkbeck 2004

Effects of different water treatment methods and antibiotic addition on larval survival and gut microflora development in Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) yolk-sac larvae 

Aquaculture 232 (1-4): 129-143

I.R. Bricknell, H.E. Hayes, P. Billingsley, A.J. Vigneau, C. Sommerville & R.S. Raynard 2003

Vaccines Against the Salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis)- A Holy Grail, or just around the corner?

Journal of Parasitology 89(S) 149-157 


M. Snow, R.S. Raynard, A.G. Murray, D.W. Bruno, J.A. King, R. Grant, I.R. Bricknell, N. Bain & A Gregory 2003

An Evaluation of current Diagnostic tests for the detection of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) following experimental water-borne infection of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L.

Journal of Fish Diseases 26, 135-145


I.R. Bricknell, & T.J. Bowden 2003

Immunostimulants and their role in fish health management

Fish Farmer Magazine 26(1) 10-11 


Timothy J Bowden, Katy Adamson, Philip MacLachlan, Campbell C Pert and Ian R Bricknell 2003

Long-Term Study of antibody response and injection-site effects of oil adjuvants in Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.)

Fish & Shellfish immunology 14 363-369 

David W. Verner - Jeffreys, Robin J. Shields, Ian R. Bricknell and T. Harry Birkbeck 2003

Changes in the gut-associated microflora during the development of Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) larvae in three British hatcheries.

Aquaculture 219 21-43

T.J. Bowden, D Menoyo-Luque, I.R. Bricknell & H Wegiland 2002

Efficacy of Different Administration Routes for Vaccination Against Vibrio anguillarum in Atlantic Halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.)

Fish & Shellfish Immunology 12 (3) 283-285 


Louisa Wilson, Katy Adamson, Laura Ellis, Paul Cook, Sonia McBeath & Ian Bricknell 2002

An Alkaline Phosphatase-Based Method for the Detection of Infectious Salmon Anaemia Virus (ISAV) in Tissue Culture and Tissue Imprints

Journal of Fish Diseases 25:615-619 

I.R. Bricknell, P.F. Bisset & T.J. Bowden 2002

The Function of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.) Antibodies Under Extremes of pH and Osmolarity.

Fish & Shellfish Immunology 13:215-219

Hiney M., Rodger H., Bricknell I., Casburn P. & Mulcahy D. 2002

Aquaculture development and regulation: incompatibility or harmony?

Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists 22:178-184

Robert S Raynard, Ian R Bricknell, Peter F Billingsley, Alasdair J Nisbet, Antoine Vigneau and Christina Sommerville 2002

Development of vaccines against sea lice

Pest Management Science 58:569-575

D.A. Smail, R. Grant, K. Ross, I.R. Bricknell & T.S. Hastings 2001

The use of haemabsorption for the isolation of infections salmon anaemia virus on SHK-1 cells from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) From Scotland

Bulletin of the European Association of fish Pathologists 20(5) 212-214

T. J. Bowden, K. Lester, P. MacLachlan and I. R. Bricknell (2000)
Preliminary Studies into the Short-Term Effects of Adjuvants on Atlantic Halibut (
Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.)

Bulletin of the European Association of fish Pathologists 20(4) 148-152

M. Snow, C. O. Cunningham  I. R. Bricknell.  (2000)

Susceptibility of Juvenile Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua) to Viral Haemorrhagic Septicaemia Virus Isolated from Wild Caught Atlantic Cod. 

Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 41:225-229 


Bricknell I.R., Bowden, T.J., Verner-Jefferys D.W., Bruno D.W., Shields R.S., and Ellis A.E. (2000)

Susceptibility of Juvenile and sub-adult Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus, L.) to infection by Vibrio anguillarum and efficacy of protection induced by vaccination.

Fish & Shellfish Immunology 10:319-327 


Ron Stagg, David Bruno, Carey Cunningham, Trevor Hastings & Ian Bricknell (1999)

Infectious Salmon Anaemia: Epizootiology and Pathology.

State Veterinary Journal 9(3) 1-5 


Trevor Hastings, Gilles Olivier, Roland Cusack, Ian Bricknell, Åre Nylund, Martin Binde, Pauline Munro, Charles Allen (1999)

Infectious Salmon Anaemia

Bulletin of the European Association of fish Pathologists 19(6) 286-288

Bricknell I.R. Bowden, T.J., Bruno D.W., MacLachlan P., Johnstone R. and Ellis A.E. (1999)

Susceptibility of Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus, (L.) to infection with typical and atypical Aeromonas salmonicida.

Aquaculture 175 1-13


Bricknell I.R. Bowden, T.J., King J. A. & Ellis A.E. (1999) 

Duration of Protective Antibodies and the Correlation with Protection in Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar L.) Following Vaccination with An Aeromonas Salmonicida Vaccine Containing Iron Regulated Outer Membrane Proteins and Secretory Polysaccharide.

Fish Shellfish Immunol. 9 (2)139-151


O’Dowd A.M., Bricknell I.R., Secombes C.J., & Ellis A.E.(1999) 

The Primary and Secondary Antibody Responses to Iron Restricted Outer Membrane Proteins Antigens Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.) Immunised with A-layer Positive and A-layer Negative Aeromonas Salmonicida Bacterins)

Fish Shellfish Immunol. 9 (2) 125-138

Ferguson Y., Bricknell I.R., Glover L.A., MacGregor D.M., and Prosser J.I. (1998)

Transmission of lux-Marked and wild type Aeromonas salmonicida strains between Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)

FEMS Microbiology Ecology vol. 27 pp. 251-260 


R. Vipond, I.R. Bricknell, Emma Durant, T.J. Bowden, A.E. Ellis, Mary Smith and S.M. MacIntyre, (1998) 

Defined deletion mutants can identify the major virulence factors of Aeromonas salmonicida.

Infection and Immunity, May 1998, p1990-1998 


I.R. Bricknell, T.J. Bowden and A.L. Langston, (1997)

Halibut Health and Immunology

Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists 17(6) 267-269

Bowden, T.J., Butler R., Bricknell I.R. and Ellis A.E. (1997) 

Serum trypsin-inhibitory activity in five species of farmed fish

Fish and Shellfish Immunology 7, 377-385


Smail D.A. Bricknell I.R. and Patterson D. (1997)

The inability to detect Infectious Pancreatic Necrosis Virus (IPNV) in crustacean diets for  larval Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus L..

Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists 17(4) 129-131

Bricknell I.R. Bowden T.J. Lomax, L. and Ellis A.E. (1997)

Antibody response and protection of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) immunised with an extracellular polysaccharide of Aeromonas salmonicida

Fish and Shellfish Immunology 7 (1) 1-16

Bricknell I.R., Bruno D. W. and Stone J. 1996 

Aeromonas salmonicida infectivity studies in goldsinny wrasse Ctenolabrus rupestria, L.

Journal of Fish Diseases 19, 469-474

I. R. Bricknell, D. W. Bruno, T.J. Bowden and P. Smith 1996 

Fat Cell Necrosis Syndrome in Atlantic Halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.).

Aquaculture 144 65-69

Bricknell I.R. and Bruno D. W. 1995

Sudden fish death associated with Alcian Blue marking.

Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists 15(3) 1?2

Bricknell I.R. 1995

A reliable method for the induction of experimental furunculosis

Journal of Fish Diseases 18(2) 127?133

R.S. Raynard, A.L.S. Munro, J. King, A. E. Ellis, D. W. Bruno, I. R. Bricknell, P. Vahanakki, R. Wotton, C. Sommerville, A. Petrie, B. Vivers, O. Andrade?Salas, W. Melvin, T. Amezega, M. B. Labus, J.J. Coull, P. Relly, M.F. Mulcahy, M. O'Donoghue, and J. O'Connell. 1994

Development of a vaccine for the control of sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus) in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)

ICES CM 1994/F:7

Bricknell I.R. & Ellis A.E.  1993

The development of an effective vaccine against furunculosis

Fish Farmer 16(5) 16?19


Coleman G., Bennett A.J., Whitby P.W. and Bricknell I.R.   1993. 

A 70 kDa Aeromonas salmonicida serine protease ? b?galactosidase hybrid protein as an antigen and its protective effect on Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) against a virulent A. salmonicida challenge.

Biochemical Society Transactions 21(49S)

Ellis A.E., Bricknell I.R. & Munro A.L.S. 1992.

Patent PCT/GB92/01016 Vaccines against Aeromonas salmonicida

Bricknell I.R., Ellis A.E. & Munro A.L.S. 1992.

Patent D/IPR/1G0024 Methods for the detection of the protective antigens of Aeromonas salmonicida.

Bricknell I.R., Ellis A.E. & Munro A.L.S. 1992.

The Current Status of a Scottish Furunculosis Vaccine.

ICES CM 1992/F:29

Ellis A.E., Bricknell I.R. & Munro A.L.S. 1992.

The Status of Furunculosis Vaccines.

Bulletin of the Aquaculture Association of Canadian 92(1) 10?14

Potts W.T.W. and Bricknell I.R. 1992.

The Ionic Composition of Ion Transporting Cells in Stonefly Nymphs.

Scanning Microscopy 6(1) 287?294

Bricknell I.R. 1991.

X?Ray Microanalysis as a Tool for Measuring Intracellular Ions

Microscopy and Analysis 5(3) 7?13


Bricknell I.R. & Potts W.T.W., 1989

Silver Staining of Ion Transporting Cells

Practical Exercises in Biology Vol. 7 (W.T.W. Potts Ed.) Lancaster University Press, Lancaster.

Bricknell I.R. & Potts W.T.W., 1989

The Distribution of the Mitochondria Rich Ion Transporting cells of British Plecoptera, In relation to the Habitat

Entomologist 108(3) 176?183

Bricknell I.R. & Potts W.T.W., 1988

The Effects of Acidification on the Coniform Mitochondria Rich Ion Transporting Cells of Plecoptera

Proceedings of the Royal Microscopic Society 23 107?108

Bricknell I.R. & Potts W.T.W. 1988

The Effects of Low pH on the Coniform Mitochondria Rich Ion Transporting Cells of Plecoptera.

Institute of Physics Conference Series 93(3) 583?584

Bricknell I.R. 1986.

The Paeleopathology of Pleistocene Probocidiens

Modern Geology 11(4) 186?202

Are you Ian Bricknell? If so, log in to edit your profile.

Marine Science

Copyright © 2016 UMaine School of Marine Sciences

Website built by RainStorm Consulting