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Les Watling

If you need to locate a faculty member with knowledge about particular functions of SMS (e.g., graduate admissions), you can find them on the list of current faculty committees.

Les Watling

Contact Information

Les Watling

Phone:
207.563.3146

Email/web:
watling@maine.edu

Address:
Darling Marine Center
Walpole, ME  04573

Education

Ph.D. Delaware

Research interests

Dr. Watling received his Ph.D. in Marine Science from the University of Delaware in 1974. He is currently Professor of Oceanography at the University of Maine. He served on the U.S. National Research Council's Committee on Marine Biodiversity and he is a Past President of the Crustacean Society. He also serves on the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea's Working Group on Benthic Ecology. His research interests have spanned two disparate topics, crustacean taxonomy and phylogeny on the one hand and benthic oceanography on the other. His crustacean interests center on amphipods and cumaceans, but he has studied a variety of other groups, including spelaeogriphaceans and syncarids. The latter two groups are southern hemisphere phylogenetic relicts about which little is known. The cumacean studies are currently funded by NSF-PEET and center on: 1) the description of new species and higher taxa from the South Pacific Ocean (both east and west sides) and the Gulf of Mexico and 2), developing molecular techniques for resolving phylogenetic relationships among cumacean families.

Publications

  • Sarsia
    Watling, L. & S. Gerken. in press. A new species of leuconid (Crustacea: Cumacea), Leucon (Crymoleucon) nørrevangi, from the Faroe Islands. Sarsia.
  • American Fisheries Society Symposium
    Norse, E. & L. Watling. in press. Impacts of mobile fishing gear: the biodiversity perspective. American Fisheries Society Symposium 22:
  • Crustacés
    Hessler, R.R. & L. Watling. in press. Order Peracarida. Traité de Zoologie, Crustacés, Tome VII, Fascicule 3.
  • necessity of determining exact homologies
    Watling, L. in press. Toward understanding the relationships of the peracaridan orders: the necessity of determining exact homologies. Crustaceana.
  • Crustacean Biology
    Gerken, S., L. Watling, A. Klitgaard. submitted. Some contumacious Cumacea from Arctic waters. Journal of Crustacean Biology.
  • Zoosystema
    Watling, L. & S. Gerken. submitted. Two new Cumacean (Crsutacea) species from the deep South Atlantic. Zoosystema, Paris.
  • Frodskaparrit
    Gerken, S. & L. Watling. submitted. Cumacea (Crustacea) of the Faroe Island Region. Frodskaparrit.
  • 2000 Marine Biology
    Johnson, W.E., P. Stephens & L. Watling. in prep. Reproductive biology of peracarid crustaceans. for Advances in Marine Biology.
  • Marine Ecology Progress Series
    Watling, L., R.H. Findlay, L.M. Mayer & D. Schick. in revision. Impact of a scallop drag on a shallow subtidal marine benthic community. Marine Ecology Progress Series.
  • Balkema
    Felgenhauer, B., L. Watling & A. Thistle (eds.). 1989. Functional Morphology of Feeding and Grooming in Crustacea. Crustacean Issues 6, 225 p. A.A. Balkema.
  • Museum of Natural History
    Blake, J.A., L. Watling & P.H. Scott (eds.). 1995. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. Volume 12. Special Publications of the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara, California.
  • Journal of Crustacean Biology
    Watling, L. 1998. On the identity of Spencebatea abyssicola (Cumacea), with additional observations on the genera allied to Procampylaspis. Journal of Crustacean Biology 18: 205-209.
  • Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen
    Thiel, M., L. Stearns & L. Watling. 1998. Effects of green algal mats on bivalves in a New England mudflat. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 52: 15-28.
  • Biological Society of Washington
    Gerken, S. & L. Watling. 1998. Diastylis tongoyensis, a new diastylid (Crustacea: Cumacea) from the northern central coast of Chile, with an amendment to the description of Diastylis crenellata Watling & McCann 1997. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 111:857-874.
  • Microbial Ecology
    Findlay, R.H. & L. Watling. 1998. Seasonal variation in the structure of a marine benthic microbial community. Microbial Ecology 36: 23-30.
  • Conservation Biology
    Watling, L. & E. Norse. 1998. Disturbance of the seabed by mobile fishing gear: a comparison to forest clear-cutting. Conservation Biology 12: 1180-1197.
  • Conservation Biology
    Watling, L. (Guest Editor). 1998. Special section "Effects of mobile fishing gear on marine benthic communities." Conservation Biology.
  • 1997 Journal of Natural History
    Thiel, M., S. Sampson & L. Watling. 1997. Extended parental care in endobenthic amphipods. Journal of Natural History 31: 713-725.
  • Museum of Natural History
    Watling, L. & L. McCann. 1997. Cumacea. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. Volume 11, The Crustacea Part 2, pp. 121-180. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History.
  • 1997 Museum of Natural History.
    Gerken, S. L. Watling, I. P. Williams. 1997. Order Mysidacea. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. Volume 10, The Crustacea Part 1, pp. 123-142. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History.
  • American Chemical society
    Findlay, R.H. & L. Watling. 1997. Seasonal variation in microbial community structure as a backdrop for the detection of anthropogenic stress. Pp. 49-64 In, R.P. Eganhouse (Ed.) Molecular Markers in Environmental Geochemistry. American Chemical society, Washington, D.C.
  • Marine Ecology Progress Series
    Findlay, R.H. & L. Watling. 1997. Prediction of benthic impact fro salmon net-pens based on the balance of benthic oxygen supply and demand. Marine Ecology Progress Series 155: 147-157.
  • Reviews in Fishery Science
    Auster, P.J., R.J. Malatesta, R.W. Langton, L. Watling, P.C. Valentine, C.L. Donaldson, E.W. Langton, A.N. Shepard & I. Babb. 1996. The impacts of mobile fishing gear on seafloor habitats in the Gulf of Maine (Northwest Atlantic): implications for conservation of fish populations. Reviews in Fishery Science 4: 185-202.
  • Estuaries
    Findlay, R.H., L. Watling & L.M. Mayer. 1995. Environmental impact of salmon net-pen culture on Maine marine benthic communities: a case study. Estuaries 18 (1A):145-179.
  • 1995 Museum of Natural History
    Watling, L. & J.D. Thomas. 1995. Chapter 1. Introduction to the Amphipoda. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. Volume 12, pp. 1-20. Special Publications of the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara, California.
  • 1995ta Museum of Natural History
    Watling, L. 1995. Chapter 3. The Families Ampeliscidae, Amphilochidae, Liljeborgiidae, and Pleustidae. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. Volume 12, pp. 137-176. Special Publications of the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara, California.
  • 1995tb Museum of Natural History
    Watling, L. 1995. Chapter 5. The Suborder Caprellidae. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. Volume 12, pp. 223-240. Special Publications of the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara, California.
  • Invertebrate Biology
    Eckelbarger, K.J. & L. Watling. 1995. The role of phylogenetic constraints in determining reproductive patterns in deep-sea invertebrates. Invertebrate Biology 1: 256-269.
  • Columbia University Press
    Blake, J.A., & L. Watling. 1994. Life history studies of deep-sea benthic infauna: Polychaeta, Aplacophora, and Cumacea from the continental slope off Massachusetts. pp. 243-260 In, C.M. Young & K.J. Eckelbarger (eds.) Reproduction, Larval Biology, and Recruitment of the Deep-Sea Benthos. Columbia University Press.
  • 1994 Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology
    Packer, D., L. Watling & R. Langton. 1994. The population structure of the brittle star, Ophiura sarsi, and its trophic relationship to American plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides). J. exp. mar. biol. ecol. 179: 207-222.
  • NOAA Technical Memorandum
    Mountain, D.G., R.W. Langton & L. Watling. 1994. Oceanographic processes and benthic substrates: influences on demersal fish habitats and benthic communities. pp. 20-25, In: R.W. Langton, J.B. Pearce & J.A. Gibson (eds.) Selected Living Resources, Habitat Conditions, and Human Perturbations of the Gulf of Maine. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-106.
  • 1993 Journal of Natural History
    Watling. L. 1993. Functional morphology of the amphipod mandible. J. Nat. Hist. 27:837-849.
  • 1993 Journal of Natural History
    Moore, P.G. & L. Watling, (eds.). 1993. Amphipods, a noble obsession: essays in memory of J.Laurens Barnard (1928-1991). Journal of Natural History, Vol. 27, no. 4.
  • Acta Zoologica
    Watling, L. 1992. Holistic pattern analysis as an alternative to pattern cladistics in hypothesizing crustacean phylogenetic sequences. Acta Zoologica 73:349-354.
  • 1991 Proc. Biological Soc. Washington
    Watling, L. 1991. Revision and rediagnosis of some Nannastacidae (Crustacea, Cumacea). Proc. Biological Soc. Washington 104:751-757.
  • Journal of Crustacean Biology
    Watling, L. 1991. Revision of the Cumacean Family Leuconidae. J. Crust. Biol. 11:569-582.
  • American Zoology
    Watling, L. 1991. The sedimentary milieu and its consequences to resident organisms. Amer. Zool. 31:789- 796.
  • Academic Publishers
    Watling, L. (ed.). 1991. VIIIth International Colloquium on Amphipoda. Developments in Hydrobiology 70, 299 p. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • Aberdeen University Press
    Langton, R.W. & L. Watling. 1990. The fish-benthos connection: a definition of prey groups in the Gulf of Maine. In M. Barnes & R. N. Gibson (eds.), Trophic Relationships in the Marine Environment, pp. 424- 438. Aberdeen University Press.
  • Crustacean Issues
    Watling, L. 1989. A classification of crustacean setae based on the homology concept. In: B. Felgenhauer & L. Watling (eds.) Functional Morphology of Feeding and Grooming in Crustacea. Crustacean Issues 6:15-26.
  • Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies
    Watling, L. 1989. Small-scale features of marine sediments and their importance to deposit-feeders. In: G. Lopez, G. Taghon & J. Levinton (eds.) Nutritional Ecology of Marine Deposit Feeders. Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Vol. 31. pp. 269-290.
  • Geological Soc. Spec. Publ
    Watling, L. & M. Thurston. 1989. Antarctica as an evolutionary incubator: evidence from the cladistic biogeography of the amphipod Family Iphimediidae. In: J.A. Crame (editor), Origins and evolution of the Antarctic biota. Geological Soc. Spec. Publ. 47:297-313.
  • Appl. Environ. Microbiol
    Findlay, R.H., G.M. King, & L. Watling. 1989. Efficacy of phospholipid analysis in determining microbial biomass in sediments. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55:2888-2893.
  • Smithsonian Inst
    Watling, L. 1988. Amphipoda. In: R. Higgins & H. Thiel (ed.) Manual of Meiofauna. Smithsonian Inst. Press, p. 409-411.
  • Smithsonian Inst
    Watling, L. 1988. Cumacea. In: R. Higgins & H. Thiel (ed.) Manual of Meiofauna. Smithsonian Inst. Press, p. 413-416.
  • Marine Ecology-Progress
    Watling, L. 1988. Small-scale features of marine sediment and their importance to the study of deposit-feeding. Mar. Ecol.-Prog. Ser.135-144.
  • Rev. Biol. Trop.
    Watling, L. & O. Breedy. 1988. A new cumacean (Crustacea) genus from beaches of Golfo de Nicoya, Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 36:527-533.
  • East Coast. Shelf Science
    Mayer, L., P.T. Rahaim, W. Geurin, S.A. Macko, L. Watling & F. Anderson. 1985. Biological and granulometric controls on sedimentary organic matter of an intertidal mudflat. Est. Coast. Shelf Sci. 20:491-503.
  • Crustaceana
    Holman, H. & L. Watling. 1983. A revision of the Stilipedidae (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Crustaceana 44:27-53.
  • Crustacean Issues
    Watling, L. 1983. Peracaridan dis-unity and its bearing on eumalacostracan phylogeny with a reclassification of eumalacostracan superorders. In: F.R. Schram (ed.) Crustacean Phylogeny. Crustacean Issues 1:213-228.
  • Antarctic Research Series
    Holman, H. & L. Watling. 1983. Amphipoda from the Southern Ocean: Families Colomastigidae, Dexaminidae, Leucothoidae, Liljeborgiidae, and Sebidae. Antarctic Res. Ser. 38:215-262.
  • 1982 Marine Biology
    Steneck, R.S. & L. Watling. 1982. Feeding capabilities and limitations of herbivorous molluscs: a functional group approach. Mar. Biol. 68:299-319.
  • S.B. Parker
    Watling, L. 1982. Cumacea. pp. 243-245. In: S.B. Parker (ed.) Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill.
  • 1981 Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.
    Watling, L. & H. Holman. 1981. Additional acanthonotozomatid, paramphithoid and stegocephalid Amphipoda from the Southern Ocean. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 94:181-227.
  • Journal of Crustacean biology
    Watling, L. 1981. An alternative phylogeny of peracarid crustaceans. J. Crust. biol. 1:201-210.
  • Journal of Sed. Petrol
    Anderson, F.E., L. Black, L. Watling, W. Mook & L. Mayer. 1981. A temporal and spatial study of mudflat erosion and deposition. J. Sed. Petrol. 51:729-736.
  • Epimeria
    Watling L. 1981. Amphipoda from the northwestern Atlantic: the genera Jerbarnia, Epimeria, and Harpinia. Sarsia 66:203-211.
  • Sarsia
    Holman, H. & L. Watling. 1981. Pagetina reducta n. sp. (Crustacea: Amphipoda) with a revision of the Family Pagetinidae. Sarsia 66:213-215.
  • Northeastern Geology
    Anderson, F.E., L. Black, L. Mayer & L. Watling. 1981. A temporal and spatial study of mudflat texture. Northeast. Geol. 3:184-191.
  • 1990ta Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash
    Watling, L. & H. Holman. 1980. New Amphipoda from the Southern Ocean with partial revisions of the Acanthonotozomatidae and Paramphithoidae. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 93:609-654.
  • 1980 Marine Biology
    Incze, L., R.A. Lutz & L. Watling. 1980. Relationships between effects of environmental temperature and seston on growth and mortality of Mytilus edulis in a temperate northern estuary. Mar. Biol. 57:147-156.
  • Zoology
    Zimmer, C., T.E. Bowman & L. Watling. 1980. Cumaceans of the American Atlantic Boreal coast region (Crustacea: Peracarida). Smithsonian Contrib. Zoology 302:1-29.
  • NMFS CIRC
    Watling, L. 1979. Marine fauna and flora of the Northeastern United States: Cumacea. NMFS CIRC 423:1-22.
  • 1979 Marine Biology
    Watling, L., D. Bottom, A. Pembroke, D. Maurer. 1979. Seasonal variation in Delaware Bay phytoplankton community structure. Mar. Biol. 52:207-215.
  • Biological Society
    Watling, L. 1979. Zoogeographic affinities of northeastern North American Gammaridean Amphipoda. Bull. Biol. Soc. Washington 3:256-282.
  • 1978 Journal of experimental marine biology and Ecology
    Maurer, D., L. Watling, W. Leathem, P. Kinner. 1979. Seasonal changes in feeding types of estuarine benthic invertebrates from Delaware Bay. J. exp. mar. biol. Ecol. 36:125-155.
  • Crustacea
    Petrescu, I. & L. Watling. submitted. Revision of genus Americuma Watling 1991 with the redescription of Styloptocuma heardi (B_cescu, 1979) based on neotype material (Crustacea: Cumacea).
  • 1978 Marine Biology
    Maurer, D., L. Watling, P. Kinner, W. Leathem, C. Wethe. 1978. Benthic invertebrate assemblages of Delaware Bay. Mar. Biol. 45:65-78.
  • 1978 Hydrobiology
    Maurer, D., L. Watling, D. Bottom, A. Pembroke. 1978. Seasonal fluctuations of water quality (nutrients and pigments) in lower Delaware Bay. Hydrobiol. 60:203-211.
  • 1978 Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology
    Watling, L., P. Kinner, D. Maurer. 1978. The use of species abundance estimates in marine benthic studies. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 35:109- 118.
  • 1978 Hydrobiology
    Maurer, D., L. Watling, R. Lambert, A. Pembroke. 1978. Seasonal cycles of zooplankton populations in lower Delaware Bay. Hydrobiol. 61:149-160.
  • 1977 Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.
    Watling, L. 1977. Two new genera and a new subfamily of Bodotriidae (Crustacea: Cumacea) from eastern North America. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 89:593-598.
  • North American Journal of Fisheries Science
    Auster, P.J., L. Watling & A. Rieser. 1997. Comment: The interface between fisheries research and habitat management. North American Journal of Fisheries Science 17: 591-595.
  • Marine Science
    Maurer, D., P. Kinner, W. Leathem, & L. Watling. 1976. Benthic faunal assemblages off the Delmarva Peninsula. Est. Coast. Mar. Sci. 4:163-177.
  • 1975 Journal of Experimental marine Biology and Ecology
    Watling, L. 1975. Analysis of structural variations in a shallow estuarine deposit-feeding community. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 19:275- 313.
  • 1975 Proc. biol. Soc. Washington
    Watling, L. & D. Maurer. 1975. Chiridotea stenops Menzies and Frankenburg, a juvenile of C. arenicola Wigley (Crustacea: Isopoda). Proc. biol. Soc. Wash. 88:121-126.
  • 1975 Mar. Poll. Bull.
    Watling, L. 1975. Artificial islands: information needs and impact criteria. Mar. Poll. Bull. 6:139.142.
  • 1975 Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.
    Watling, L. 1975. Parametopella inquilinus n. sp. from Delaware Bay oyster beds. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 88:429-432.
  • Nautilus
    Maurer, D., L. Watling, & G. Aprill. 1974. The distribution and ecology of common marine and estuarine pelecypods in the Delaware Bay area. Nautilus 88:38-45.
  • 1974 Hydrobiology
    Watling, L., J. Lindsay, R. Smith, & D. Maurer. 1974. The distribution of Isopoda from the Delaware Bay region. Int. Rev. ges. Hydrobiol. 59:343-351.
  • 1974 Mar. Poll. Bull
    Watling, L., W. Leathem, P. Kinner, C. Wethe, & D. Maurer. 1974. An evaluation of sewage sludge dumping on the benthos off Delaware Bay. Mar. Poll. Bull. 5:39-42.
  • Bureau of Land Management
    Watling, L., & D. Maurer. 1974. An evaluation of the mid-Atlantic Bight inner continental shelf benthic assemblages. pp. 319-337, In: Marine Environmental Implications of Offshore Oil and Gas Development in the Baltimore Canyon Region of the Mid-Atlantic Coast. Proc. Conference and Workshop. Bureau of Land Management.
  • Delaware Bay Report Series
    Watling, L., & D. Maurer. 1973. Guide to the macroscopic estuarine and marine invertebrates of the Delaware Bay region. Delaware Bay Report Series, Vol. 5, pp. 1-176, University of Delaware.
  • 1973 Hydrobiology
    Keck, R., D. Maurer & L. Watling. 1973. Tidal stream development and its effect on the distribution of the American oyster. Hydrobiol. 42:369-373.
  • 1973ta Hydrobiology
    Maurer, D., & L. Watling. 1973. Studies on the oyster community of Delaware: the effects of the estuarine environment on the associated fauna. Int. Rev. ges. Hydrobiol. 58:161-201.
  • 1973 Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington
    Watling, L. & D. Maurer. 1973. A new euryhaline species of Parapleustes (Amphipoda) from the east coast of North America. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 86:1-8.
  • Crustaceana
    Watling, L., & D. Maurer. 1972. Marine shallow water amphipods of the Delaware Bay area, U.S.A. Crustaceana, Suppl. 3:251-266.
  • Marine Advisory Bulletin
    Watling, L. 1972. Jellyfish regular visitors to Delaware shores. Mar. Advisory Bulletin 2, University of Delaware, 4p.
  • 1972 Journal of Natural History
    Watling, L., & D. Maurer. 1972. Marine shallow water hydroids of the Delaware Bay region. J. Nat. Hist. 6:643-649.
  • 1972 Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington
    Watling, L. 1972. A new species of Acetabulastoma Shornikov from Central California with a review of the genus. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 85:481-488.
  • Trans. American Fisheries Society
    Maurer, D., L. Watling, & R. Keck. 1971. The Delaware oyster industry: a reality? Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 100:100-111.
  • Crustaceana
    Watling, L. 1970. Two new species of Cytherinae (Ostracoda) from Central California. Crustaceana 19:251- 263.
  • Journal of Biology
    Narchi, W. and L. Watling. 1968. Range extension of Branchiostoma californiense Cooper in Tomales Bay. Wasmann J. Biol. 13:121-123.

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