Research Area: Weed Ecology and Management; Sustainable Agriculture
Office: 205 Roger Clapp Greenhouse
Bio: Dr. Gallandt received his B.S. (1986) from Michigan State and M.S. (1988) from Montana State University. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconson in 1994. He joined the faculty in 2000 and is an Associate Professor of Weed Ecology.
Teaching: PSE105 Principles of Sustainable Agriculture; PSE203 Weed Biology and Identification; PSE403 Weed Ecology and Management
Current Research: My research program focuses on the dynamics and management of annual weeds in organic farming systems. We continue to study weed seed predators, with current projects investigating the effects of agroecosystem landscape on predators and predation, and hyperpredation and behavior of Harpalus rufipes. Fall weed management to maximize seed losses is another focus, including recent work on no-till cover cropping to encourage seed predation, preemption of seed rain, and fall flaming effects on weed seed viability. We are also working on a large interdisciplinary project in which we have characterized Mental Models for weeds and weed management by both experts and organic farmers, aiming to identify important areas of incongruity.
Kolb, L.N. and E.R. Gallandt (accepted May 30, 2012; in press). Weed management in organic cereals: advances and opportunities. Organic Agriculture.
Harrison, S. and E.R. Gallandt (2012). Behavioural studies of Harpalus rufipes De Geer: an important weed seed predator in Northeastern US agroecosystems. International Journal of Ecology 2012, Article ID 846546, 6 pages (doi:10.1155/2012/846546.
Kolb, L.N., E.R. Gallandt, and E.B. Mallory (2012). Impact of spring wheat planting density, row spacing, and mechanical weed control on yield, grain protein, and economic return in Maine. Weed Science 60:244-253.
Kruidhof, M., E. Gallandt, E. Haramoto, and L. Bastiaans (2010). Selective weed suppression by cover crop residues: effects of seed mass and timing of species’ sensitivity. Weed Research (Published online: 28 September 2010).
Kolb, L.N., E.R. Gallandt, and T. Molloy (2010). Improving weed management in organic spring barley: physical weed control vs. interspecific competition. Weed Research (50: 597-605).
Mirsky, S.B., E.R. Gallandt, D.A. Mortensen, W.S. Curran, and D.L. Shumway (2010). Reducing the germinable weed seedbank with soil disturbance and cover crops. Weed Research (Published online: 20 May 2010).
Image Description: Eric Gallandt discusses physical weed control at a Rogers Farm Field Day