Waterlines is a publication of the Senator George J. Mitchell
Center for Environmental and Watershed Research at the University of
SENATOR MITCHELL PROVIDES
INSPIRATION TO MAINE WATER CONFERENCE ATTENDEES...
George J. Mitchell stirred listeners at the 10th annual Maine Water
Conference at the Augusta Civic Center on April 21, 2004. More than
330 people attended the event. His Keynote Address reviewed Maine’s
leadership in environmental research and legislation and summoned
participants to advance the standard.
His complete address follows:
“It is a great honor for me to be associated
with the Environmental Research Center at the University of Maine
and to work with the dedicated staff and students there, especially
the outstanding Director, and my friend, Steve Kahl. It is
gratifying to learn of the results of the research at the Center.
They confirm that the 1990 Clean Air Act amendments successfully
reduced air emissions and that these reductions in emissions have
translated into reduced deposition of acids.
These are significant achievements. But we
wouldn’t know about them if there were not also a commitment to the
long-term research necessary to document the results of the clean
The federal acid rain program, much of which is
conducted at the University of Maine, is a model of how to ensure
accountability. I applaud the commitment of the scientists and
students to this long-term research. Steve tells me that there are
several graduate students in attendance who are studying aspects of
the long-term response to acid rain at the University. My thanks
and encouragement to you and to all young environmental scientists
A clean environment is essential to healthy
human life. It is especially important here in Maine because the
quality of our environment is critical to our economy. Our coast,
our forests and our lakes attract millions of visitors each year. And more and more people want to move here to live, to experience a
better quality of life. For them, for our families, and most
importantly for future generations, we must leave a legacy of clean
air, pure water and unpoisoned land.
We must also not lose sight of the fact that
protecting our environment is important in Maine precisely because
our environment is relatively clean and healthy. Preserving what we
have is much more effective and less costly than trying to repair
environmental damage. This reality underscores the visionary nature
of model programs in Maine, such as the bond program for the Land
for Maine’s Future, that will be on the ballot in November. We need
to support this type of program.
There is much to celebrate in the environmental
progress of recent years. We in Maine can take pride in the fact
that the greatest environmental legislator in our nation’s history
was our own Ed Muskie.
When Ed Muskie went to the Senate, there was no
Clean Water Act, there was no Clean Air Act, there was a lot of
polluted air and dirty water. Eighty-five percent of our nation’s
waters were polluted.
I grew up in Waterville, on the banks of the
Kennebec River. I remember it as a stinking open sewer, filled with
pollution, covered with scum. Today, while there are still issues
with the Kennebec, it is vastly improved. Just in the past few
years it has been free-flowing all the way upstream to Waterville,
after removal of the Edwards dam. I understand that the recovery of
fisheries and other species has been dramatic.
With skill and dedication, with perseverance,
with infinite patience, Ed Muskie worked for years to create an
environmental awareness in America and to enact legislation to deal
with what was clearly a national problem. The results were the
Clean Air Act and the Clean Water Act, which today, three decades
later, remain our nation’s landmark environmental laws. As one
result, 85 percent of our nation’s waters are now clean — you can
fish, boat and swim in our major rivers.
I was honored to carry on Ed Muskie’s tradition
in the Senate. Among the actions during my tenure I’m most proud of
were the extension and improvements of the Clean Air and the Clean
Water Acts; the first national legislation to prevent and clean up
oil spills; the Wildlife Conservation Act; the Toxic Waste Clean Up
Program; and the preservation of the Endangered Species Act.
This is undeniably a cleaner and more
environmentally conscious country than it was a quarter century
ago. But no one should think that the job is done; we cannot rest
on our laurels. To the contrary, there are some even more severe
The legislation that Steve (Kahl) just
discussed, the Clean Air Act of 1990, which I sponsored, provided
the nation’s first ever effort to deal with acid rain. It took a
long time but in 1990 Congress finally recognized the problem.
To be fair, credit should also go to then
President Bush. The Reagan Administration had opposed the Clean Air
Act. After his election President Bush reversed that policy and
announced his support for the legislation. That changed the
discussion from whether a bill should pass to what should be in the
bill. While we had some differences on that question we were able
to work out a strong bill that has been good for the country. But
none of it would have happened, at least not then, without President
Bush’s early support. That makes the current President Bush’s lack
of support for the Clean Air Act so ironic and tragic. The Clean
Air Act led to huge reductions in automobile emissions. But the
number of cars and trucks, and the total number of miles driven are
We need more research and more intensive
development on cleaner cars. More fuel efficient cars and trucks
will provide a cleaner atmosphere, and substantially reduce our
national dependence on imported oil. We must have a meaningful
national effort of conservation; we are lagging in this commitment.
We also need a national Administration that
will enforce and not undermine the environmental laws.
Unfortunately, the current Administration’s actions on the Clean Air
Act have been unhelpful. It has proposed changes in the New Source
Review provisions of the law which will undermine effective
enforcement. And on too many occasions it has enforced the law only
under court orders in lawsuits brought by private organizations or
by states. It is a sad day for this country when the Environmental
Protection Agency has to be forced by the federal courts to enforce
the nation’s environmental laws.
Rising populations around the world, and their
demands for work and wealth, will place great stress on the Earth’s
ecology and atmosphere. Global climate change is a threat to the
health and security of future generations. However, the interesting
challenge in planning for climate change is that the effects will
not be similar everywhere. It is even possible that some regions,
perhaps even Maine, will cool rather than warm. Once again data
will be required, and we as a society must make the commitment to
research to understand our world and protect it for our children and
grandchildren. Maine should be proud that the Governor and
Legislature combined to pass landmark legislation to control
greenhouse gas emissions last year.
On a broader scale, the United States is the
world’s dominant economy and military power. We should take the
lead in organizing worldwide support for responsible policies to
protect our planet for the benefit of generations to come. This
includes the environment, energy supplies and conservation, human
rights and respect for sovereignty.
We cannot wantonly deplete finite resources; we must develop cost-effective, benign, alternative renewable energy
sources, such as wind, solar, and hydro, while not despoiling
pristine environments with their development.
Water is a global concern of utmost urgency.
Among the basic needs of humans, there are replacements for energy
sources, replacements for foods and food sources, for new building
materials for shelter. There is no replacement for water!
The United Nations has warned that water will
be the oil of this century, leading to regional conflicts and
perhaps widespread war if we don’t properly husband this resource.
In Maine, we know that we are vulnerable to
water shortages after the drought of 2001. And even in Maine, we
newly find ourselves with water conflicts, for example over the
simultaneous demands of irrigation, drinking water, and protection
of endangered Atlantic Salmon. And sometimes the water just isn’t
where you need it, even when you appear to have enough.
In the past several decades, our nation has
made great strides in managing water resources. As with the
Kennebec and Penobscot, our rivers are cleaner. Most wastewater is
treated before disposal into receiving waters. Conservation efforts
have allowed a growing population and economy to thrive while using
less water. We have controls on salinity and erosion and are
sensitive to potential contamination with pesticides or other toxic
Ironically, as the visible condition of our
waters has improved during the past three decades, we have become
increasingly aware of invisible impacts from mercury, dioxin,
arsenic, and acid rain. Moreover, these problems are often
difficult to understand, and expensive to fix. There has at times
been a lack of will in our society to fix the ‘invisible’ problems,
in part because we can’t see them.
I’d like to close by saying a few words
directly to the undergraduate students in the audience.
I ask you never to forget your good fortune to
be citizens in this, the most free, the most open, the most just
society in all of human history. You will of necessity spend most
of your life working to earn incomes to support yourselves and your
But I ask you to: Leave some time for an
effort to do something with your life that is larger than your self
interest, something from which you derive no individual benefit, but
from which you get the satisfaction of having done something to help
others, to improve the society in which you live — and to repay this
country for the many benefits that you’ve received.
There is much acrimony in this country, and
throughout the world today. Somehow, we must recommit to basic
tenets of stewardship, cooperation, harmony, service for fellow
humans, and yes, some sacrifice for the good of our common future. That’s our challenge. We must make it our destiny.”
April 21, 2004
|Senator Mitchell is presented
with proclamations from the legislator and Governor’s Office at
the Maine Water Conference. The latter proclaimed April 21 to be
George Mitchell Clean Air Day. From left to right: UMaine
President Peter Hoff, Senator Mary Cathcart, Senator Mitchell,
Mitchell Center Board Member Clyde MacDonald, Mitchell Center
Director Steve Kahl
Maine Water Conference Sponsors
- U.S. Geological Survey, WRD, Augusta
- Maine DHS Drinking Water Program
- Portland Water District
- Senator George J. Mitchell Center for Environmental and
- Consumers Maine Water Company
- Maine Congress of Lake Associations
- Maine Department of Environmental Protection
- Maine Geological Survey
- Maine Rivers
- Maine Rural Water Association
- Maine Wastewater Control Association
- Maine Water Utilities Association
- Maine Volunteer Lake Monitoring Program
- NOAA Fisheries
- Project SHARE
- State Planning Office Maine Coastal Program
- University of Maine Cooperative Extension
2004 MAINE WATER
CONFERENCE POSTER AWARD WINNERS
The 2004 Poster Competition at the Maine Water Conference was the
largest ever. Presentations received glowing revues from attendees
and competition for awards was tough. Award winners received a cash
prize and their names are engraved on a plaque housed at the
Brian P. Foley and D. Whitney King
Department of Chemistry, Colby College, 5755 Mayflower Hill,
Waterville, Maine 04901, 207/872-3314,
Production of significant HOOH concentrations in the deep waters
of temperate lakes.
A continuous flow-injection based, chemiluminescence method was
developed to measure HOOH in Fe(II)-rich freshwater lakes. Vertical
profiles of HOOH concentrations in temperate, thermally stratified,
lakes in central Maine exhibited a surface maximum of 600 nM and a
deep maximum of 450 nM above the sediment-water interface. Diel
cycling was observed for surface HOOH consistent with photochemical
production and biologically mediated decay. The presence of high
concentrations of HOOH in suboxic waters is consistent with dark,
abiotic formation of HOOH from Fe(II) reduction of dissolved oxygen.
The formation of HOOH in the deep water of lakes could have
important implications for the redox equilibiria and kinetics of
metals in the hypolimnion of many temperate lakes.
Katie DeGoosh, Katherine Webster, and Cynthia Loftin
1. University of Maine, Department of Wildlife Ecology, 5755 Nutting
Hall, Orono, ME 04469, 207/ 581-1340, firstname.lastname@example.org
2. University of Maine, Department of Biology , 319B Murray
HallOrono, ME 04469-5751
3. ME Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, 5755 Nutting
Hall, Orono, ME 04469
Using sub-fossil mandibles of Chaoborus americanus as a
paleolimnological indicator of fishless ponds in Maine
Maine hosts thousands of lakes that provide a unique and precious
resource. State agencies monitor and protect the waters, however
many of Maine's lakes have not been surveyed for fish presence.
Understanding historical fish distributions is important for proper
management in the future. It is unclear how many lakes currently
with fish were naturally fishless in the past. We are using the
sub-fossil remains of the aquatic larvae of Chaoborus (Diptera)
found in lake sediments to indicate the presence or absence of fish.
The first phase of the project involves the creation of a
calibration set to characterize the Chaoborus assemblage in a set of
lakes for which the fish status (fishless or fish-full) is known.
Second, we are verifying historical stocking records using dated
(210Pb) lake cores. Cores sampled from the lake bottom maintain the
chronological history of organisms in the water column. This history
is preserved in stratified lake sediments. These cores are being
processed for Chaoborus remains, and compared with our calibration
set to assess current and historic fish presence. Finally, we will
use this paleo-technique to test a GIS-based landscape model
designed to predict the occurrence of fishless ponds in Maine. This
research has many applications, serving as a tool to assess current
and past fish presence, and as a guide for responsible recreational
fisheries management and lake rehabilitation.
RESEARCH INSTITUTE 05 GRANTS — REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS ISSUED
Special Theme for 2005 – Maine River Restoration Research
Three page pre-proposal deadline: July 29, 2004
This request for pre-proposals from the Maine - USGS Water Resources Research
Institute, a program of the Senator George J. Mitchell Center for
Environmental and Watershed Research, constitutes the FY05 Maine grants
program as authorized by the federal Water Resources Research Act of 1984. This
request for pre-proposals is for research and information transfer projects in
the areas of water resources and related environmental sciences. The theme for
2005 will be projects related to proposed dam removal and river restoration,
such as on the Penobscot River. Projects addressing this theme will be given
priority, subject to peer review. Approximately $100,000 will be awarded
following external peer review and selection by a panel of Maine environmental
specialists and researchers.
Although the goal is to encourage projects pertaining to river restoration,
projects not specifically addressing this theme will be considered for
funding in 2005.
For guidelines and additional information go to the
WRRI Grants page.
WATERSHED RESEARCH LAB AWARDED USDA FUNDS TO PURCHASE FLAME AA
The Mitchell Center has received an award of $24,000 from the U.S.
Department of Agriculture to purchase a flame atomic absorption
spectrophotometer (flame AA) for its watershed research laboratory.
The flame AA will initially be used by Steve Kahl and collaborators
at UMaine for detecting trends in base cations in drainage waters of
forested watersheds of the northeastern U.S.
Graduate student Catherine
Rosfjord analyzes cations and anions simultaneously on a dual
ion chromatography system using methods developed at the
Mitchell Center lab
UMaine has been involved in atmospheric deposition research for 25
years, including current projects to evaluate the 1990 Clean Air Act
amendments. Recently, this research has focused on the decline in
base cations (Ca, Mg, K, Na) in surface waters of northeastern North
America as a leading explanation of the lack of ‘recovery’ from
acidification. This effect has been documented most recently by the
regionally-extensive EPA assessment led by Dr. John Stoddard (EPA)
In addition to this research the flame AA will support many other
projects at the Mitchell Center, and will offer opportunities for
new research. This equipment will broaden our analytical
capabilities to include trace metals for which we are currently
purchasing analyses, or choosing not to do the research. Purchasing
analyses is not the preferred option when we are training graduate
students. Our current research on groundwater, forestry and urban
best management practices; small watersheds; and climate change
involves collecting data on arsenic, lead, zinc, aluminum, iron, and
copper. The advantage of multi-element scanning using the flame AA
will open new opportunities for the research group.
For additional information on lab capabilities, contact our staff at
207/581-3491 or by e-mail at
FRIENDS OF THE MITCHELL CENTER
We thank the following for their generous donations to the Mitchell
Quirk Auto Park
Paul & Yvette Mitchell
Consumers Maine Water
Friends of Acadia
Dr. John Alexander
Nale Law Offices
Clinton B. Townsend
PROFILE: SARA MCCABE, RIVER RAT AND EDUCATOR EXTRAORDINAIRE
down the Kennebec as a guide with North Country Rivers, Sara McCabe
(neé Colburn) can read a rapid with the best of them. But before she
navigated rivers, Sara was teaching others about their aquatic
environment, and before that she was drawing rivers as an
illustration major at Syracuse University.
But time spent in eddies of trail building and pools of school
children persuaded this native of New Boston, NH, to change
currents. Sara graduated from Unity College with a degree in
Environmental Education in 1999. Working on trails with the New
Hampshire Conservation Corps as an Americorps member contributed to
Sara's interest in the environment, and she completed a second
Americorps stint after college as an environmental educator in the
MSAD 48 school system. Sara stayed on at MSAD 48 as a seventh grade
science teacher for the next three years.
Sara's diverse experience complements her graduate work in the
Ecology and Environmental Sciences program. Sara is working with
Peter Vaux at the Mitchell Center, developing a new component of
PEARL that will create specialized user interfaces into the
information in the database. These interfaces, or "windows" into
PEARL, will steer specific users toward customized data and research
summaries. For example, people interested in Atlantic salmon will
have an interface with water quality data from the Atlantic Salmon
Commission and the Mitchell Center. Students entering the Student
Portal interface will be presented with an introduction to water
quality parameters and more examples and explanation of data. The
idea is to make the large amount of information on the PEARL site
easier to use and understand for the public.
Sara says she is interested in new ways of learning, and her
graduate work seeks to answer the question, "How can we use the vast
amount of data on PEARL to educate about the environment?" Sara will
be distributing surveys to people in the water resources community
who use PEARL in order to find ways to improve the interactive
features of the website.
Sara is also addressing this question through her work with the
Maine Lakes Conservancy Institute (MLCI), where she leads
on-the-water education sessions with school groups aboard the MLCI
boat. She is also helping to develop a lakes education curriculum
guide for teachers and educators across the country and the world.
"We have a group in the Bahamas that is interested in a partnership
with MLCI!" she says.
And in between all of this, she gets out on the Kennebec River,
improving her understanding of Maine waters so that she can better
share her knowledge with others. Ultimately, Sara says she wants to
stay in education, but not necessarily within the public school
framework. Perhaps something that will allow her to continue to be
on the water, looking downstream for new ways of learning.
SOAKING UP MAINE
A whirlwind tour of
135 lakes in the northeast. Testing salmon streams. Catching rain at
Acadia. Measuring the Meduxnekeag with the Maliseets. Looking for
pesticides in Taunton Bay. Snorkeling weed beds in Maine lakes.
These are just a few of the activities in what is shaping up to be a
busy summer for water resources graduate students.
Grygo is at Acadia National Park every other week to visit the
paired watersheds Hadlock and Cadillac. She is helping with the
ongoing study correlating atmospheric contaminant deposition with
stream chemistry. This data will be included in a database of park
watershed information that Andrea is developing called SPARC
(Searchable Park Access to Research Catchments).
Kit Sheehan, whose research focuses on mercury
in forest litter at Hadlock and Cadillac, is working full-time for
the National Park Service at Acadia for the summer.
Nelson has deployed throughfall collectors in the two watersheds as
the first step in the field component of her PhD research on mercury
cycling and atmospheric deposition.
work for another paired watershed study, Bear Brook Watershed Maine,
is being managed by Melinda Diehl. Melinda samples precipitation and
stream water weekly at this site in the Lead Mountain area. Melinda
joins quite a legacy: the Bear Brook project began in 1987 and is an
internationally-recognized whole ecosystem manipulation experiment.
Fretwell will be in Houlton for most of the summer, measuring
nutrients and other parameters in the Meduxnekeag River. The
Meduxnekeag experiences filamentous algal blooms during the summer
months and Lisa's thesis, in collaboration with the Houlton
Maliseets, will focus on a characterization of the river's water
quality and identification of potential nutrient sources.
Lucner Charlestra is designing a project that
will look at pesticide levels around blueberry barrens in Washington
County. Theresa Thornton is working in Taunton Bay, looking at the
movement of hexazinone, also used in blueberry production.
Ness is spending her second field season perfecting and expanding
her evaluation of the effects of shoreline development on lake
littoral habitat. An
article on Kirsten's research appeared in a previous addition of
Waterlines (Vol. 9 No. 2.
Jim Nadeau is turning dirt at Highmoor Farm,
looking at nutrient content in runoff from biosolids stockpiles.
Paul Dumond, a recent graduate of Unity
College, has joined the staff this summer. Paul is helping out with
various projects in the field and lab. Paul is joining Ken Johnson
in an evaluation of water chemistry in downeast salmon rivers.
Emily Seger will graduate in August with a
Master of Science degree in Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
Emily's thesis examined the chemistry of seepage lakes as a possible
indicator of climate change. Heather Caron is completing her thesis
on groundwater dynamics in Northeast Creek.
finally, Catherine Rosfjord is visiting lakes in Massachusetts,
Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, New Hampshire, and
Maine, as part of ELS-III, the 20th anniversary resampling of 135
lakes in the northeast that were part of the Eastern Lake Survey (ELS).
The results of this study will be the foundation of her master's
thesis, which will compare the 2004 water quality information to the
first ELS survey in 1984. Look for the fall issue of Waterlines for
more on Catherine's research and ELS.
July and August are some of the busiest months
at the Mitchell Center. As students head out into the field,
scientists (under the leadership of Tanya Hyssong and Ken Johnson)
in the Watershed Research Laboratory are working late into the day
to keep up with the influx of water samples. Jennifer Boothroyd is
working in the lab full-time this summer before beginning her
graduate work in the fall.
CENTER WISH LIST
DID YOU KNOW?
Over 830,000 Americans donated their cars in 2002.
The Mitchell Center is looking for a few
“gently-used” cars for field and other research-related work.
If you would like to donate your vehicle, see it put to good use,
and get a tax deduction, contact the Mitchell Center at 581-3196 or
The photo on the right is of our Nissan
Pathfinder which was generously donated to the Center by Paul
Haertel. As you can see, we put it to very good use!
BUZZ AT THE MITCHELL CENTER
Center graduate keeps busy at the Cooperative Extension
Recent Mitchell Center graduate Laura Wilson is in the news
with her work at the
University of Maine Cooperative Extension Water Quality Office.
Laura, who is the coordinator of a volunteer lake stewardship
program, received the Lake Protection Person of the Year Award
from the Maine Congress of Lake Associations at their annual Maine
Lakes conference this June. Laura runs the
Watershed Stewards Program which provides training in water
quality protection to citizens. In exchange, volunteers commit to
carrying out projects to reduce erosion from roadsides, public
facilities, homes and other lake shore locations. Citizens from
more that 15 lake associations
throughout the state have participated in the program.
Future trainings being coordinated by Laura include landscape
design for lakefront properties and outreach and leadership for
An article by Laura and co-authors John
Jemison and Judith Graham entitled "Effecting Land-Use Changes
Through Education and Implementation: Assessing the Effectiveness
of the Watershed Stewards Program" was featured in the June issue
of JoE (Journal of Extension). Go to
http://www.joe.org/joe/2004june/rb4.shtml to read the article.
Updated Informational Digests Now
Two updated digests from our Informational Digest series are now
available in print, html and pdf formats. The Safe Drinking
Water digest discusses how to determine the best location for
a new well, and how to work with a well-driller to construct a new
well. It also contains information on how to select water tests
and interpret the results of a water test. Protecting Maine's
Groundwater Supplies: Maine's Source Water Protection Program
provides a summary of important groundwater principles that are
fundamental to source water protection and discusses key elements
of the Maine Wellhead and Source Water Protection Program.
Click here to go to the html or
pdf versions of the digests. If you would like a copy mailed to
you, please e-mail your name and address with your request to
Students Win Awards
Melinda Diehl was awarded third place in the Earth Sciences poster
division at the University of Maine's Graduate Student Expo on
April 12 for her poster entitled "Acidification and Recovery at
the Bear Brook Watershed in Maine: A Mass Balance Approach".
Catherine Rosfjord also placed third for her poster, "Is the Clean
Air Act working? A 20 year re-evaluation of trends in a
statistical population of lakes in the northeastern U.S." An
article on Catherine's research project will be published in the
next edition of Waterlines. .
Children's Water Festival
This year's Northern Maine Children's Water Festival will be held on
Tuesday, October 12. The Festival provides students from across northern Maine
opportunity to participate in a fun-filled day of water-related
Students compete for prizes, play games and explore the science and culture
of water. More than 800 middle school students participate in the Festival held at the
University of Maine campus in Orono.
The event is a collaborative effort
involving the Senator George J. Mitchell Center for Environmental
and Watershed Research and the College of Education and Human
Development at UMaine, state agencies, water suppliers and
businesses. The goal, according to Barbara Welch of the
Department of Environmental Protection, is to engage students in
learning about Maine’s water resources. Those resources include
lakes, rivers, wetlands, estuaries and groundwater.
For additional information on the Children's Water Festival, or
if you are interested in volunteering or sponsoring the event,
please contact Ruth Hallsworth
at the Mitchell Center (581-3196).
Congratulations to our Graduates
graduated with a Master of Science degree in Ecology and
Environmental Sciences. Her thesis is titled, "The Effects of the
2001-2002 Drought on
Surface Water Supplies". Catherine is putting her creative skills
to use as a science writer for Sea Grant and the Mitchell Center.
Emily Seger will graduate in August with a Master of Science
degree in Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Emily's thesis
examined the chemistry of seepage lakes as a possible indicator of
Emily is working as a Physical Scientist in the Air and Water
Program at Acadia
Maine Water Conference 2005 - Save the Date!
Next year's Maine Water Conference will take place
Tuesday, March 22, 2005 at the Augusta Civic Center,
Augusta, Maine. If you are interested in participating as a
volunteer, in chairing a session, or have suggestions for session
topics, please contact the Mitchell Center at
information on the Conference will be available in the next edition
Waterlines moves to the web
We are moving Waterlines to an on-line format. If you would like
to receive notification via e-mail of our next web publication date,
please contact us at
UMGMC@maine.edu. An abridged version of Waterlines is also
available in print. If you would like to receive the print version,
please contact us at
UMGMC@maine.edu with your mailing address.
If you would like to submit an article for
publication in Waterlines, please contact us at 207/581-3196 or