Waterlines is a publication of the Senator George J. Mitchell
Center for Environmental and Watershed Research at the University of
THE EVOLUTION CONTINUES...
In 1996, Mitchell Center staff and colleagues at the Maine
Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) had a novel idea: to
link the vast amount of information on Maine's lakes into an on-line
searchable database. At the time, information on Maine's 6,000 lakes
resided in PC and paper files in several state agencies, in
unconnected PC files of a dozen researchers around the state, and in
hard copy reports and publications. In response to this idea,
several proposals were written and funded to the Center and to
collaborator Kate Beard in Spatial Engineering to add mapping
capabilities to PEARL. By 1997, the dream had become PEARL, a
reality that continues to evolve today. PEARL now resides at
UMaine's Fogler Library with a new address (http://pearl.maine.edu)
and its own e-mail (email@example.com)
for questions and feedback.
PEARL was adopted in 1999 by CEMA, the Council on Environmental
Monitoring and Assessment as their future database and information
resource. The Mitchell Center is continuing this evolution and
expanding PEARL to become the GIS-searchable on-line resource for
environmental information in Maine. It currently offers scientists,
educators, community organizations, and students the vehicle to find
environmental information in one location. The website includes a
broad range of features such as information on drinking water,
fauna, education, and recreation.
on PEARL has forged ahead over the summer. Much of this work has
been "behind the scenes" but is visible to PEARL users in data
display, new data download features, a 'browse data sets' function,
updated glossary, and faster loading times. A new server, provided
with funds from
Grant Consortium (MSGC), and new software additions were key
factors in speeding up access time and allowing more users to search
the site at any given time.
Recently added information includes the loon count from
boat launch locations, fishing regulations, and distributions of
invasive aquatic plants. Upcoming additions include stream
hydrography and data from the massive Maine Aquatic Biodiversity
Project led by Peter Vaux. We also plan to add more direct
connectivity with Molly Schaufler’s
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program), which provides an
inventory of the organizations collecting data to be served by
PEARL is a cooperative effort initiated by the Mitchell Center and
the Department of Spatial Engineering. It is a collaboration with
Maine DEP, the
Maine Volunteer Lake Monitoring
Program, the Maine Lakes Conservancy Institute (MLCI), the
Inland Fish and Wildlife, MEMAP, and
Company of Old Town. In addition to the partners listed above,
funding for PEARL has come from
Maine Drinking Water Program,
Geological Survey, National Science Foundation,
Maine Outdoor Heritage Fund, MSGC, and other state and federal partners that work
to improve natural resources stewardship and education.
Education is a key aspect of PEARL. A partnership among the College
of Education, MLCI, and the Mitchell Center has created a 'Student's
that integrates with the PEARL site. The goal of the student portal
is to strengthen lakeside communities by fostering interaction among
students and civic organizations. Expansion of the portal will allow
other schools to participate, providing active curricula materials
to link with the state laptop program. The MLCI student portal
provides an innovative method to stimulate young minds and enhances
the ability of PEARL to assist with public education on water
conservation and natural resource issues.
Plans for future versions of PEARL include housing a map-linked
bibliography of environmental research, and an even broader range of
data. Already under development is the addition of the biodiversity
database developed by Peter Vaux. This addition includes updating
PEARL to accept stream and river data and will allow for inclusion
of other stream data sets in the future.
The ultimate goal is for PEARL to become 'the' environmental
information resource for Maine, complementing other outreach and
educational functions of the Mitchell Center, such as the annual
Maine Water Conference that is
already 'the' environmental conference in Maine.
FROM THE DIRECTOR
New Opportunities for the Mitchell Center and Water Resources
Research in Maine
Human beings usually resist change,
but in reality change is usually healthy and productive. In the
example of the opportunistic staff of the Mitchell Center, change
has provided the model for our success. We have sought out unfilled
niches, and these niches have evolved and expanded though time. From
our beginnings as a one staff, three graduate student operation in
the Dept. of Geology in 1979, we have evolved from research in
sediment chemistry to a wide range of water resources topics ranging
from acid rain to zinc; arsenic to buffer zones.
Today, we have 8
staff and an astonishing 21 enrolled graduate students. Our former
laboratory, in which we funded 86% of the $2M in equipment and
facilities, has been spun off into a contract laboratory focusing on
organic environmental chemistry. The Mitchell Center will re-focus
on our research specialities of lake, stream, and groundwater
chemistry, and trace element research, as well as graduate
education, and information transfer. Our new lab offers a full range
of inorganic and trace metal research capabilities, and while we do
not compete with the private sector, we look forward to offering
analytical services when we can provide a unique technology not
Today, we have the opportunity to build new
research laboratories in Norman Smith Hall. Beginning immediately,
we are fund-raising for the renovation of this building (we
currently occupy half, and will gain the remainder in late 2004),
and for stipends for graduate students who will conduct research
here. We are seeking corporate partners for naming opportunities.
Please contact me if you have a suggestion for partners for the
Mitchell Center in this effort
THE PENOBSCOT RIVER
OPPORTUNITIES FOR RESEARCH AND COLLABORATION
Article by Catherine Schmitt
In what is being called an unprecedented vision, a
coalition of state, federal, tribal, nonprofit, and industry
entities plans to restore the Penobscot River ecosystem. The project
would open up more than 500 miles of river to native species,
enabling fish to reach their natural spawning habitat. The Penobscot
River Restoration Project offers an unparalleled opportunity for
environmental research and education.
The Penobscot River
The project is supported by a coalition of the Penobscot
Nation, Natural Resources Council of Maine, American Rivers,
Atlantic Salmon Federation, Trout Unlimited, Maine Audubon, and
Pennsylvania Power and Light (PPL Corp.). Other coalition members
include U.S. Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Indian Affairs,
National Park Service, and Fish and Wildlife Service, and the State
of Maine. The Penobscot River Restoration Project is focused on the
mainstem Penobscot River between Howland and Bangor, but over 500
miles of the river system will be indirectly affected. PPL Corp. has
agreed to sell its Great Works Dam in Old Town and the Veazie and
Howland dams for $25 million, which the coalition must raise within
five years. These three dams represent about 18 megawatts of
electricity; power generation will be increased at six other dams to
make up for the loss. Another $25 million is needed to remove the
Great Works and Veazie dams and improve fish passage at Howland. Dam
removal could begin as early as 2008. The restoration is expected to
benefit salmon, sturgeon, striped bass, eel, shad, blueback herring,
alewives, tomcod, and rainbow smelt. Riparian habitat will also be
improved for birds, animals, and plants (Penobscot River Restoration
Project, 2003). The citizens of Maine and the Penobscot Nation will
regain a valuable economic, environmental, and cultural resource.
Currently, there are no educational or research
institutions involved in the project. The Penobscot River
Restoration represents a unique and valuable opportunity for the
University of Maine. This project is happening literally in the
backyard of the University. Who better to serve as stewards and
monitors of the river? Collaboration among scientists in biology,
fisheries, ecology, and water resources on this project could place
the University at the forefront of ecological restoration research.
The Penobscot River drains a watershed of 8570
square-miles, almost one-third of the state of Maine. These features
make the Penobscot the largest river system in Maine and the second
largest in New England. The name Penobscot derives from the Native
American word for “waters of descending ledge,” in reference to the
tumbling falls of the river along its 1500 foot-descent from its
headwaters in the North Woods. The river is tidal to the Veazie dam
and carries saltwater as far upstream as Bucksport. The Penobscot is
home to the largest remaining Atlantic salmon run in the United
States, according to the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.
The 240 miles of the Penobscot carry a mighty
history. The lifeblood of the Penobscot Nation, the river has been a
source of food, transportation, and spirituality for Native
Americans for thousands of years (Hansen, 1995). After colonization,
the river was the primary means of transporting logs out of the
North Woods in the 19th century. By 1837, there were 250
sawmills on the Penobscot and its tributaries (Netboy, 1968). The
lumber industry reached its peak in the 1870s, when 250 million feet
of board timber were shipped out from the Bangor region (Boardman,
1960). Declining numbers of tall white pines and new technology led
a transition to pulp and paper manufacturing.
Atlantic salmon populations have reflected the
boom and bust of the forest products industry. The Penobscot salmon
run has decreased from an estimated 50,000 fish to less than 4,000
today. One of the major causes of salmon population declines is the
hundreds of dams along the river, which reduce habitat for migration
and spawning. Sawdust and woodchips from the logs settled to the
river bottom, smothering habitat. Decomposing wood waste consumed
oxygen in the water. The mills and other waterfront industries such
as tanneries also discharged chemicals to the river.
At the same time as the lumber economy was
damming and polluting the river, commercial and recreational fishing
was further pressuring salmon populations. Fishing was conducted
with weirs, drift nets, and pound nets. The fish harvest declined
from a peak of 15,000 fish in 1873 to 40 fish in 1947, when
commercial fishing for salmon was prohibited. Catch-and-release
fishing was suspended in 1999. Though the Penobscot Nation has
tribal rights to fish, they have not harvested salmon since 1988
(Butler and Taylor, 1992).
The Penobscot River has been the site of salmon
restoration for much of the past century. The Craig Brook National
Fish Hatchery originated in the late 1800s; the Atlantic Salmon
Commission was formed in 1948; the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
named the Penobscot a model restoration river in the late 1960s
(Butler and Taylor, 1992). Hatcheries continue to maintain the
population, and the University of Maine is a leader in regional
Opportunity for Intensive
Research on the Penobscot
Little is known
about the ecological effects of dam removal on riverine ecosystems (Kanehl
and Lyons, 1997; Poff, 2002; Stanley et al., 2002; Shafroth et al,
2002). Scientific studies of actual dam removals are scarce (Bednarek,
2001). Although more than 450 dams have been removed in the United
States during the last century (AR/FE/TU, 1999), less than 5% of
these removals were accompanied by published ecological studies
(Hart et al., 2002).
The removal of Edwards
Dam on the Kennebec River in 1999 offered Maine an opportunity to
comprehensively study dam removal. The Department of Environmental
Protection conducted macroinvertebrate sampling as part of regular
statewide sampling that documented an improvement in water quality
from Class C to Class B. The USGS classified and mapped riverbed
sediments in the Edwards Dam impoundment in 1997. Stone & Webster
Environmental Technology & Services also characterized sediments in
the impoundment for FERC in 1994. Striped bass, alewives, shad, and
even salmon have been reported in the river above the former dam;
fisheries are monitored by the Department of Marine Resources.
Sampling efforts, however, were not part of any coordinated research
or education plan. It would be a great loss for the State of Maine
and the University to allow another “unprecedented” and “visionary”
restoration — this time on the Penobscot — to happen without appropriate
research and study.
The growing pressure
for dam removal represents a real opportunity for scientists (Poff,
2002). Dam removal is a major, but partially controllable,
perturbation that can help scientists test and refine models of
complex ecosystems (Hart et al., 2002). After removal of the Edwards
Dam, Maine was nationally recognized for our commitment to
ecologically restoration. As states around the country consider dam
removal, the Nation will once again be looking to Maine as the
Penobscot Project begins. It is important that the Penobscot River
Restoration Project generate the data and information that will
contribute to other restoration efforts world wide.
The Penobscot River
that once rushed and rose as the snow melted in the spring, then
gradually dropped and formed quiet pools in summer, became a series
of ponds and lakes controlled by dams to maintain the river’s steady
flow (Butler and Taylor, 1992). Removing dams can cause dramatic changes in
fluvial processes and channel morphology. The most dramatic effects
of dams on fish have been caused by conversion of free-flowing
habitats to static flows, blockage of fish movements, and
modification of downstream flows, water quality, and habitat (Kanehl
and Lyons, 1997).
As part of Maine’s
Atlantic Salmon Conservation Plan, the Department of Environmental
Protection has initially gathered existing water quality data for
the Atlantic salmon rivers. Sources of data include the US Environmental
Protection Agency, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Atlantic Salmon
Commission, Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife,
University of Maine, consultants for special projects, as well as
the Department of Environmental Protection. A research project
focusing on dam removal and ecosystem recovery will contribute to
current efforts to understand physical and chemical water quality
parameters affecting the health of Atlantic salmon.
long-term research project on the Penobscot River should encompass
both pre- and post-dam removal periods. Research could involve
numerous departments, agencies, and organizations and would build on
existing salmon research. A long-term research project could
- Identifying dominant geomorphic processes (Pizzuto,
2002); hydrologic characteristics including water flow, levels,
discharge, bank and channel characteristics;
- Physical and chemical water quality;
- Sediment characterization, mapping, and chemical
- Biological community surveys, including vegetation
characterization and mapping, benthic macroinvertebrates, fish, and
bird populations. Dam removal may change aspects of the hydrology
that structure riparian vegetation Existing vegetation may change as
sediments transported in response to dam removal allow for
vegetation colonization and succession (Shafroth et al., 2002).
- Identifying important cultural and historical
resources for conservation.
AR/FE/TU American Rivers, Friends of the Earth,
and Trout Unlimited. 1999. Dam removal success stories: Restoring
rivers through selective removal of dams that don’t make sense.
Bednarek, A.T. 2001. Undamming rivers: A review
of the ecological impacts of dam removal. Environmental Management
Boardman, S.H. 1960. The lumber industry in the
state of Maine. pp. 1224-1243 in The New England States, their
Constitutional, Commercial, Professional, and Industrial History.
Boston: D.H. Hurd and Co.
Butler, J.E., and A. Taylor. 1992. Penobscot
River Renaissance. Camden: Silver Quill Press.
Hansen, G. 1995. Penobscot: The People and
their River. Penobscot Indian Nationa and Acadia Film Video.
Hart, D.D., T.E. Johnson, K.L. Bushaw-Newton,
R.J. Horwitz, A.T. Bednarek, D.F. Charles, D.A. Kreeger, and D.J.
Velinsky. 2002. Dam Removal: Challenges and opportunities for
ecological research and river restoration. Bioscience 52:669-681.
Kanehl, P.D., and J. Lyons. 1997. Changes in
the habitat and fish community of the Milwaukee River, Wisconsin,
following removal of the Woolen Mills dam. North American Journal of
Fisheries Management 17:387-400.
Netboy, A. 1968. The Atlantic Salmon. Boston:
Houghton Mifflin Co.
Penobscot River Restoration Project. 2003.
Pizzuto, J. 2002. Effects of dam removal on
river form and process. Bioscience 52:683-691.
Poff, N.L., and D.D. Hart. 2002.How dams vary
and why it matters for the emerging science of dam removal.
Shafroth, P.B., J.M. Friedman, G.T. Auble, M.L.
Scott, and J.H. Braatne. 2002. Potential responses of riparian
vegetation to dam removal. Bioscience 52:703-712.
Stanley, E.H., M.A. Luebke, M.W. Doyle, and D.W.
Marshall. 2002. Short-term changes in channel form and
macroinvertebrate communities following low-head dam removal.
Journal of the North American Benthological Society 21:172-187.
THE EFFECTS OF SHORELINE DEVELOPMENT ON MAINE'S LAKES
Mitchell Center graduate student Kirsten Ness spent most of her
summer in the field, collecting lake data for a study that will
begin to define reference conditions to measure the effects of
shoreline development on small lakes throughout Maine. Not that
Kirsten’s complaining. What better way to spend a summer in Maine
than hiking, swimming and boating…and being paid for it too!
Kirsten’s advisor is Dr. Katherine Webster who
is the principal investigator on the study along with Roy Bouchard
of the Maine Department of Environmental Protection.
The Need to Define
Lakes in Maine are valuable ecologically,
economically, and recreationally. Shoreland zoning regulations were
instituted in 1971 by the State of Maine to control development and
alterations of lake riparian zones. These regulations control
activities within 250 feet of the high water marks of lakes and
ponds larger than 10 acres and must be observed by towns. However,
the amount of protection provided by these zoning regulations has
never been evaluated. This is largely due to a lack of defined
reference conditions for lake littoral zones on which to base such
The focus of Kirsten’s study is to define
reference conditions by describing and evaluating factors at the
watershed, lake, and site scales that influence the structural
complexity of the littoral zone. Such factors include lake position
in the watershed, land use patterns, shoreline development,
hydrology, morphometry, water chemistry parameters, riparian slope
and vegetative cover, and lake fetch.
Based on these factors, Kirsten will work to
develop expectations for habitat complexity using measurements of
coarse woody habitat, macrophyte functional type, and sediment
composition. The initial study focus will be small- to moderate-size
headwater drainage lakes with little or no shoreline development in
an area of uniform geology.
Current Project Status
During the summer of 2003, Kirsten and her team conducted their
initial research at eight lakes in downeast Maine.
The focus of the field work was to describe the
natural littoral zone reference conditions of small lakes. The team
chose metrics during the winter/spring of 2003 to be tested during
July and August, at the height of maturity for macrophyte
communities. Characterization of both the riparian and littoral
zones along transects at eight separate sites around each lake were
undertaken (see fig. 1). In the littoral zone, the team collected
data on macrophyte cover and substrate type along both shoreline and
perpendicular transects. They also collected data for course woody
debris along or crossing the shoreline transect. Activity traps for
capturing invertebrates were set at some sites along the 0.5m depth
contour. In the riparian zone, their observations included the
percentage cover of various categories of vegetation, percentage
cover of overhanging trees/shrubs along the shoreline, and notation
of human influences and development. Slope data were collected at
each site and an estimate of water level was collected at each lake.
Kirsten will analyze the data collected over the summer field
season during fall 2003 to determine which metrics are most
effective. Metrics proven to be effective will be used during the
2004 sampling season. Additional metrics may be added as necessary.
Kirsten’s 2004 sampling will focus on developing metrics at more
developed lakes than those in the initial phase.
Kirsten’s final results will be used to develop
habitat and biotic metrics to apply to lakes representing a gradient
of development intensity.
About Kirsten Ness
A native of Auburn, Maine, Kirsten
first became interested in biology while attending Hebron Academy.
During her later years in high school, she worked at the Auburn
Water District during the summer months, where an interest in water
quality issues and watershed management developed. Kirsten majored
in Biology with a concentration in Environmental Science at Colby
College in Waterville. While at Colby, she took courses in ecology,
and a senior capstone class involving a watershed and water quality
study of two lakes in Skowhegan. She continued her employment with
Auburn Water District during the summers, and focused her work on
development within the watershed and aquatic vegetation. Kirsten is
currently a graduate student at the University of Maine, pursuing
her Master's degree in Ecology and Environmental Science with a
concentration in water resources.
MAINE WATER CONFERENCE 2004: CALL FOR ABSTRACTS
Plans for the 2004 Maine Water Conference are well underway. Next
year's conference will be held:
Wednesday, April 21, 8am-4pm
Augusta Civic Center
A general theme for the conference is
'Environmental legacies as a context for emerging issues'.
Call for Abstracts
Session topics are as follows. Please contact the appropriate
Session Chair with questions about oral presentations. The
roundtable discussion will feature a selected panel and is not open
for presentations. For poster presentations, contact Laura Wilson at
Riverfronts: a Legacy of Pollution, a
Trend Toward Renewal: Maine’s rivers have served as
industrial conduits and transportation corridors for decades, but we
now tend to view them as tremendous environmental resources that are
directly linked to the quality of life in our state. Odors, water
color, clarity, and overall appearance of the rivers has changed for
the better in recent years, but other environmental concerns, beyond
the obvious, such as historic contamination and now real estate
development, continue to pose challenges to our river systems. Urban
centers naturally developed along the major rivers, so we now face
the challenge of establishing the means by which these two seemingly
contradictory settings can co-exist. In this session a discussion of
these challenges and opportunities will serve to provide a base of
understanding of the unique situation surrounding Maine’s river
Chair: Churchill J. Barton, P.G., Summit Environmental Consultants
Doubt About Drought: Are we still
in it? Where does reduced water supply pinch the hardest in Maine?
How are communities coping? What progress has been made on emergency
planning for drought? Is Maine ready for a dry future? What does
drought mean in a humid-temperate zone?
Co-Chairs: Bob Lent, US Geological Survey;
Lake Management Tools and Strategies:
Depending on who you ask and how you count, Maine has between 2000
and 4000 lakes. Each has unique natural and cultural features and
this diversity of settings is reflected also in the many strategies
employed to protect them. In this session, speakers will share tools
and techniques that are being used successfully to monitor, control
and educate residents about the protection of Maine lakes.
Chair: Paul Hunt, Portland Water District
Maine's Salmon Rivers: The goal
of salmon research is to determine what factors are contributing to
the decline of Atlantic Salmon populations in rivers in Maine.
Current efforts focus on baseline research, large-scale surveys, and
chemical and biological quantification. Major efforts include
extensive analysis of early life stage survival through post smolt
and water chemistry analysis. Future work will continue to focus on
smolt survival and chemical variation in Maine's Salmon rivers.
Co-Chairs: Dan Kircheis, NOAA Fisheries;
Ken Johnson, Mitchell
Photograph of Randy Spencer, Fishery Biologist,
Atlantic Salmon Commission, courtesy of the Atlantic Salmon
Sludge, Groundwater and Toxics: What research is being conducted on sludge application? How often
does it affect groundwater and drinking water? Can it contribute to
high levels of metals in drinking water?
Co-Chairs: Laurie Osher, UMaine;
Jennifer Wilson, Mitchell Ctr.
Roundtable: What's in the Legislature?:
A facilitated discussion of current issues in the
legislature; who's testifying for what this session; what are our
state legislators hearing and from whom; on what issues do they need
more information; how can science address policy needs; how can
policy makers address science and public needs?
Ed Laverty, UMaine
Please use the following guidelines:
Indicate oral or poster presentation
Do not exceed 250 words
Title should accurately summarize the subject
of the proposed presentation
Contain names and affiliations of all authors
(including mailing address, phone, fax and e-mail)
Bold and underline the name of the presenting
Abstract should state the purpose,
significant results, and main conclusion of work
Indicate if primary author is a student by
indicating "student" after name
Abstract should be single-spaced using
12-point Times Roman
Abstracts should be produced in Microsoft
Word or WordPerfect. If you will be using different software,
please contact us before submission.
Oral Abstracts &
Oral presentations must fit into the topic area of one of
the sessions specified above.
PowerPoint presentations are encouraged. LCD
projectors and laptops will be provided. No overhead or slide
projectors will be available.
Presentations are allotted 25 minutes, which
includes question and answer time.
Poster Abstracts &
Posters invited for display will address one or more
aspects of water quality or quantity issues. These may include
chemical, biological, and hydrological aspects of surface and ground
waters, and their policy and economic implications.
Submit abstracts via e-mail as an attachment to
Alternately, mail 2 printed copies and disk
(IBM compatible) to:
MWC 2004 Call for Abstracts
George Mitchell Center
5710 Norman Smith Hall
Orono, ME 04469-5710
Oral abstracts: December 1, 2003, 5pm.
Poster abstracts: March 1, 2004, 5pm.
BUZZ AT THE MITCHELL CENTER
Vaux to join Mitchell Center
The Mitchell Center welcomes Peter Vaux to its staff this fall as
Associate Research Professor. Peter currently heads the multi-agency
Maine Aquatic Biodiversity Project, a compilation of the knowledge
base for freshwater biodiversity in Maine funded by The Nature
Conservancy and Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife.
His extensive experience and knowledge in ecology and water
resources will be a valuable asset to the Mitchell Center.
receives Canon award
Ph.D. student Sarah Nelson was the recipient of one of this year's
prestigious Canon National Parks Science Scholarships - one of only
4 awarded to students in the US. The scholarship, worth $78,000 over
3 years, provides funds for doctoral research within America's
National Parks. Sarah's objective is to identify hydrologic and
mercury mass balances. Her work will improve our understanding of
the hydrology and chemistry of park ecosystems.
Kahl elected President of NIWR
Mitchell Center Director Steve Kahl has been elected President of
NIWR (National Institutes for Water Research). NIWR is the national
association of USGS Water Institutes located at the 54 land grant
Universities and territories. Steve's role as President will include
working with Congress and federal agencies on behalf of NIWR and the
associated universities. This position underscores the national
reputation in water resources research and education built by the
Home Depot donates generator
Home Depot’s donation of a portable generator to the Mitchell Center
will provide valuable on-site field testing for research projects.
Our thanks to Home Depot’s management and staff for their generous
Faster, more efficient PEARL
The Mitchell Center would like to thank Maine Space Grant Consortium
for their generous contribution toward the purchase of a new server
for PEARL (see article on front page). The server has provided a
much more stable environment for the site and has considerably
improved access time for users.
Board welcomes new members
The Mitchell Center welcomes two new members to its National
Endowment Advisory Board.
Jan Smith, anchor with ABC 7 News in Bangor and UMaine alumnus, is
the daughter of Dr. Norman Smith, former Dean of the College of
Engineering. The Mitchell Center's current home is named for Dr.
Smith. Dr. John Alexander is our other new Board member. John is the
former UMaine VP for Academic Affairs and Provost. We look forward
to working with Jan and John in the future.
Temporary lab space completed in Holmes
Recently renovated space in Holmes Hall has provided much needed
temporary laboratory space for the Mitchell Center. New equipment
has been purchased for the space and recently-hired Research
Assistant Tanya Hyssong is responsible for equipment set-up and the
day-to-day running of the lab. The lab is responsible for sample
analysis on on-going Mitchell Center research projects as well as
many graduate student projects. Most importantly it provides
facilities to train graduate students in laboratory techniques. In
late 2004, the lab will move to renovated facilities within Norman
Smith Hall – the permanent home of the Mitchell Center.
New students already immersed in
Nine graduate students began their studies at the Mitchell
Center this summer. Many of the students arrived early, gaining
valuable summer experience in the field and lab while working
alongside staff and faculty on current research projects. New
Mitchell Center students include: Melinda Diehl, Lisa Fretwell,
Chandra McGee, Jennifer Wilson, Andrea Grygo, Catherine Rosfjord,
Sara Colburn, Jennifer Boothroyd and Lucner Charlestra.
Drinking water publications under
The Maine Drinking Water Program has provided funds to the
Mitchell Center to update two digests, one containing information on
private drinking water wells, the other on wellhead protection. With
over 70% of Maine’s population receiving its drinking water from
public and private wells, these digests will provide invaluable
information to the general public. The digests will be available in
Waterlines moves to the web
We are moving Waterlines to an on-line format. If you would like
to receive notification via e-mail of our next web publication date,
please contact us at
UMGMC@maine.edu. An abridged version of Waterlines is also
available in print. If you would like to receive the print version,
please contact us at
UMGMC@maine.edu with your mailing address.
If you would like to submit an article for
publication in Waterlines, please contact us at 207/581-3244 or