Introduced Fish in Maine
References and Literature Cited
AuClair, Roger P. 1960. White perch in Maine. (MS thesis work of 1953-1955 at Sebasticook Lake, Newport, Maine). Maine DIFW, Augusta, Maine (Matt Scott).
Boucher, David. 2002. Illegal Fish Stockings Threaten Maine Lakes and Rivers. Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. MDIFW Internet Web Page (11-26).
Bradstreet, Ted. 1981. CRAPPIE! (with Editor's note expounding on the problems associated with the indiscriminate introduction of non-indigenous fishes in Maine). Maine Fish and Wildlife (Maine DIFW), Summer 1981:13-15.
Burkhead, N.M. and J.D. Williams. 1991. An intergeneric hybrid of a native minnow, the golden shiner, and an exotic minnow, the rudd. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 120:781-795.
Cardoza, J.E, G.S. Jones, T.W. French, and D.B. Halliwell. 1993. Exotic and translocated vertebrates of Massachusetts (2nd Edition). Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Fauna of Massachusetts Series No. 6, 106 pages.
Courtenay, W.R. Jr. and D.A. Hensley. 1979. Survey of introduced non-native fishes. Phase I Report. Introduced exotic fishes in North America: status 1979. Report submitted to National Fishery Research Laboratory, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Gainesville, FL.
Everhart, W.H. 1976. Fishes of Maine. Maine Department of Inland Fish and Game, Augusta, Maine (4th Edition 1976, 3rd Ed. 1966, 2nd Ed. 1958, 1st Ed. 1950).
Ferguson, M.M. 1990. The genetic impact of introduced fishes on native species. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68:1053-1057.
Foye, R.E. 1965. The CARP - Menace in Merrymeeting Bay. Maine Fish and Game (Maine DIFW), Spring 1965:26-27.
Fuller, P.L., L.G. Nico, and J.D. Williams. 1999. Nonindigenous Fishes Introduced into Inland Waters of the United States. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 27, 613 pages.
Halliwell, D.B., R.W. Langdon, R.A. Daniels, J.P. Kurtenbach, and R.A. Jacobson. 1999. Classification of freshwater fish species of the northeastern United States for use in the development of indices of biological integrity, with regional applications. Pages 301-337 (Chapter 12) in: T.P. Simon (editor), Assessing the Sustainability and Biological Integrity of Water Resources Using Fish Communities, CRC Press.
Hartel, K.E. 1992. Non-native fishes known from Massachusetts freshwaters. Occasional Reports (2), Museum of Comparative Zoology, Fish Department, Harvard University, 9 pages.
Hartel, K.E., D.B. Halliwell, and A.E. Launer. 2002. Inland Fishes of Massachusetts. Natural History of New England Series, Massachusetts Audubon Society Press, Lincoln, MA.
Humphrey, Bob. 2001. Plague of the Bucket Biologists - Why They Threaten Maine's Fisheries. Maine Fish and Wildlife (Maine DIFW), Summer 2001:19-22.
Kendall, W.C. 1914. The Fishes of Maine. Proceedings of the Portland Society of Natural History, Volume 3(1).
Kircheis, F.W. 1994. Update on freshwater fish species reproducing in Maine. Maine
MDIFW. 1981. Imported Baitfish: Let's Keep Them OUT of Maine! Maine Fish and
MDIFW. 2002. Fishes of Maine. Maine Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Augusta, Maine, 38 pages (Joseph R. Tomelleri fish species artwork - WY Fish & Game).
MDIFW. 2002. Save Maine's Native Fish Species! Stop Disastrous Illegal Fish Stocking! Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife Aquatic Invaders BROCHURE (with pertinent statements by Forrest Bonney and Francis Brautigam, MDIFW)
O’Leary, J. and D.G. Smith. 1987. Occurrence of the first freshwater migration of the gizzard shad, Dorosoma cepedianum, in the Connecticut River, Massachusetts. Fisheries Bulletin 85:380-383.
Pellerin, Jim. 2002. A Future for Rainbows? MDIFW launches an experimental stocking program. Maine Fish and Wildlife (Maine DIFW), Spring 2002:11-14.
Schilling, E.G., A.M. Gullo, and J.K. Markowsky. (in review). First records of a non-native fish, central mudminnow (Umbra limi, Family Umbridae) in Maine. Revised ms. submitted to Northeastern Naturalist (Spring 2005).
Scott, M.C. and G.S. Helfman. 2001. Native invasions, homogenization, and the
Walker, P.G. 1983. In Hatchery Or Habitat: Guarding Fish Health. Maine Fish and
Warner, Ken (editor). 2001. Landlocked Atlantic salmon and brook trout in Maine - Life/Management Histories. Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife - Fisheries & Hatcheries: Annual Research & Management Report, 53 pages.
Warner, Ken (editor). 2002. Black bass and lake trout in Maine - Life/Management
Warner, Ken and K.A. Havey. 1985. Life History, Ecology and Management of Maine Landlocked Salmon (Salmo salar). Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife, Augusta, Maine.
Watson, John. 1955. The Maine Smallmouth. (MS thesis work on Big Lake in Washington County, Maine). Maine DIFW, Augusta, Maine (Matt Scott)
Whittier, T.R., D.B. Halliwell, and S.G. Paulsen. 1997. Cyprinid distributions in northeast
Whittier, T.R. and T. Kincaid. 1999. Introduced fish in northeastern USA lakes: regional extent, dominance, and effect on native species richness. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 128:769-783.
Yoder, Chris and Brandon Kulik. 2002. Boat electrofishing fish assemblage survey of the mainstem Kennebec River, Maine. (preliminary fish occurrence notes) Midwest Biodiversity Institute and Kleinschmidt Associates (Maine DEP-DIFW-DMR and U.S. EPA Region I).
Related Newspaper Articles
Bangor Daily News. 2001. Maine struggles to eradicate illegal fish stocking. August 11 newspaper article by Deirdre Fleming.
Bangor Daily News. 2002. Illicit stocking hurts fisheries - species native to Maine squeezed out. May 13 newspaper article by Misty Edgecomb.
Bangor Daily News. 2003. Pike caught in Sebago is bad news. June 6 newspaper article by John Holyoke.
Kennebec Journal. 2002. Illegal stocking alters lakes. April 8 newspaper article distributed by the Associated Press.
Kennebec Journal. 2002. Northern snakehead not found in Maine. July 25 newspaper article by Joe Rankin, staff writer. (Giant snakehead records)
Portland Press Herald. 2002. Illegal fish stocking threatens species. June 8 newspaper article distributed by the Associated Press.
Portland Press Herald. 2003. Pike found in Sebago Lake concerns state biologists. June 4 newspaper article distributed by the Associated Press.
Boston Globe. 2003. (Maine) Lawmakers crack down on unauthorized fish stocking. June 29 newspaper article distributed by the Associated Press.
Morning Sentinel 2000-03. (Dwayne Rioux - Maine Lore and Ken Allen - Outdoors)